科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST 108-2410-H-143 -005 -SS2
不同世代面臨百歲人生的反應與挑戰之研究
The Study for the Reactions and Challenges among Different Generations\' Facing Centenarian Life
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
國立台東大學教育系
Department of Education, National Taitung University
陳嘉彌
Jia-mi Chen
國立台東大學
National Taitung University
陳嘉彌
教授
0985092246
jmc@nttu.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2020-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2021-12-31
2020-12-01
2021-05-31
20歲以上成人
3
003,007
01,不同世代族群
終身學習、長壽社會、百歲人生、銀色浪潮、老年挑戰
Lifelong Learning, Longevity Society, Centenarian Life, Silver Wave, Senior Challenges
「長壽」不是在人類社會中一夕之間出現的變化。一個人的餘命能突破100歲當稱之為「長命百歲」。目前,台灣超過百歲的人口數有3,391人,比起2008年底之1,873人,10年間增加1.81倍,長期而言,台灣每年的百歲人數有逐年增加的趨勢,長壽社會形象已悄然形成。 「長壽社會」代表一個國家福利進步與穩定發展的形象,對已開發國家尤然。但是,百歲的長壽究竟是「一種幸福或祝福?還是一種苦難或詛咒?」每個人都對它有不同的感受。因為「長壽的意義是一個人一生多增加了可使用的時間」,因此每個人與社會都得面對長壽帶來的影響及挑戰。而長壽社會中,生命所多增加出的「可使用時間」,會促使個人及社會的改變。 本研究旨在探究在百歲人生趨勢下,不同世代對百歲人生的反應及可能面對的問題及挑戰。研究對象選自台灣社會中三個世代:嬰兒潮、X世代、及Y世代,年齡自20歲到67歲左右的人士。研究方法採用採「混合式研究法」(Mixed Methodology)中「序列混合設計」(Sequential Mixed Designs)。本研究為2年期計畫(2019~2021),第1年為質化研究,主要目的有四點: 一、透過文獻分析百歲社會的意涵、現象、及對個人、社會、國家的影響 二、設計適合本土性之訪談工具、及各世代受訪者之最適抽樣數量 三、分析受訪者對自己進入百歲人生的認知與反應,並比較不同世代的異同 四、撰寫第1年研究成果,並提供第2年量化研究設計的基礎資料 第2年計畫為量化研究,延續第1年研究目的,有四點主要目的: 一、深究相關文獻,建立理論模式 二、根據質性研究結果,設計適合本土性調查問卷工具 三、分析不同世代對百歲人生的反應及面對挑戰認知的差異情形 四、探究面對百歲人生是否做好準備的反應與面對挑戰間的關連性
Longevity in human society is not a phenomenon that appeared overnight. Undoubtedly, an individual living more than 100 years can be considered living a long life. Currently in Taiwan, the number of individuals exceeding 100 years of age is 3,391 and is 1.81 times more than that of 1,873 in 2008. A longevity society is appearing in Taiwan. A longevity society represents a country with strong economy and wealth. However, is longevity good or bad; does one feel fortunate or cursed? This answer will differ for each individual. The implication of longevity is the extra number of years given to a person. Hence, both individuals and society as a whole are faced with a challenge; the extra time in a person’s life is bound to change decisions made by an individuals and the society together. The purpose of this 2-year study was to examine generational differences in their responses to 100 years of life, as well as their respective challenges and concerns. The subjects were selected from Baby Boomer Generation, Generation X, and Generation Y, between ages 20 and 67. Sequential mixed designs in Mixed Methodology was used. The first-year study was employed qualitative method approach, and focus on four goals: 1. Develop the understanding of the phenomenon and meaning of a longevity society and its implication for individuals, societal, and nation 2. Design survey questionnaire and calculate sampling size 3. Analyze respondents’ perception and reaction of becoming 100 years old, and compared generational differences 4. Use the results as the basis for Year 2 quantitative study The second-year project was employed qualitative method approach that was based on the results from the first year study, and focus on five goals: 1. Construct the theoretical framework 2. Design a Taiwanese-specific survey questionnaire 3. Analyze the differences between different generations\' responses related to centenarian life 4. Explore the connectionbetween the responses and challenges to centenarianlife 5. Consolidate results from Year 1 and 2 and establish foundations for future research and policy works
否,無直接識別資料
僅就有無可識別個人身份資料進行檢查及處理,不對變項名稱、變項及選項數值說明與問卷是否一致或有定義進行核對或修改。
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