科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST-108-2410-H-001-052-SSS
過猶不及?婚姻窒息與多元自我動機之析辨及檢驗
Is Too Much Just Like Too Little? The Dialectics and Investigation of the Suffocation Model and the Motivation of Multiple Self in Marriage
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
中央研究院民族學研究所
Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica
周玉慧
Yuh-Huey Jou
中央研究院民族學研究所
Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica
周玉慧
研究員
02-26523458
jade@sinica.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2019-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2020-07-31
2019-08-01
2020-07-01
大台北地區已婚夫妻
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婚姻窒息模型、華人自我四元論、需求動機/需求滿足、相應性、配對夫妻
The Suffocation Model, Four-part Theory of Chinese Self, Need Motivation/Need Satisfaction, Correspondence, Married Couples
本計畫著眼於當代夫妻的婚姻需求,首先比較華人自我四元論所闡述的需求動機與需求階層論整理出六種需求,編訂夫妻婚姻需求量表並加檢驗;其次以夫妻對偶資料觀點,區辨夫妻間的婚姻需求動機類型,探討夫妻需求動機類型與夫妻相處互動對婚姻關係的影響;接著從需求滿足觀點,討論夫妻的婚姻需求動機與需求滿足的相應性,檢視此相應性對於婚姻關係的影響。方法採取量性研究典範,蒐集大台北地區已婚夫妻配對資料共379對,主要測量變項包含夫妻需求動機與需求滿足、衝突度、支持接受度、婚姻品質(充實感、後悔感與親密情感)及人口變項。主要結果顯示(1)透過驗證式因素分析檢驗,婚姻需求量表包含生存繁衍、穩定安全、夫妻相繫、家族聚力、自我實現、家庭和滿,及他人評價,共七個因素39題。(2)妻子報告的夫妻相繫、家族聚力與家庭和滿等需求動機高於丈夫,而丈夫報告的自我實現與他人評價的需求動機及需求滿足則高於妻子,且丈夫報告的婚姻品質與親密情感顯著高於妻子。婚姻需求七因素間,不論丈夫或妻子,亦不論動機或滿足,家庭和滿、夫妻相繫最高,其次為穩定安全、家族聚力,接著為生存繁衍、他人評價,最低者為自我實現。(3)依據需求動機可將夫妻們區分為四個類型:夫妻皆低型、夫高妻低型、夫低妻重家型及夫妻雙高型,分別佔7.07%、8.78%、20.56%及65.56%。(4)階層線性模型的結果顯示,衝突度愈低、支持度愈高的夫妻婚姻品質愈良好;「夫妻雙高型」與「夫高妻低型」夫妻的婚姻品質最佳,「夫妻皆低型」夫妻最差;而婚姻品質亦因性別、夫妻互動及需求動機類型的交互作用而大為不同。(5)婚姻品質因需求動機與滿足的相應性而有顯著差異,在生存繁衍、穩定安全、家族聚力、自我實現及他人評價等五個因素上,需求滿足大於動機的超標組最佳,需求動機大於滿足的不足組最差;在夫妻相繫與家庭和滿兩個因素上,則是相應組呈現最良好的婚姻品質。這些結果凸顯夫妻互動、婚姻需求動機與需求滿足在華人夫妻關係間的獨特意義與作用。
Focusing on the marital motivations, this project compared multiple selves of the Chinese and Hierarchy of needs theory to summarize six kinds of marital needs. First, a marital motivations (needs) scale was developed from multiple needs in marriage and tested by confirmatory factor analysis. Secondly, the typologies of motivation of marital needs among marital couples were distinguished and their impacts on marital quality and intimacy were explored. Then, the correspondences between motivation and satisfaction of marital needs were grouping, and their influence on the marriage relationship were examined. Using a quantitative methodology, the data were collected from 379 married couples in Greater Taipei area. The measurement included multiple motivation and satisfaction of marital needs, conflict, received support, marital quality (satisfaction, regret and intimacy), and control variables. The main results showed that (1) the marital needs scale could be divided into seven factors including physiological desires, safety, conjugal relation, relatives’ cohesion, self-actualization, family harmony, and other-evaluation through confirmatory factor analysis, with a total of 39 items. (2) The wives reported higher motivation scores on conjugal relation, relatives’ cohesion and family harmony than husbands did, and the husbands reported higher motivation and satisfaction scores on self-actualization and other-evaluation, and better marital quality than wives. Among the seven factors, the scores on conjugal relation and family harmony were the highest, followed by safety and relatives’ cohesion, and then physiological desires and other-evaluation, and the lowest was self-actualization, regardless of husband or wife, motive or satisfaction. (3) The couples’ dyadic motivation of needs could be identified as Dual Lower, Husband Higher and Wife Lower, Husband Lower and Wife Value Family, and Dual Higher patterns. The proportions of the four patterns were about 7%, 9%, 21% and 66%, respectively. (4) The results of hierarchical linear models showed that the lower the conflict and the higher the support received, the better the marital quality. The Dual Higher couples and the Husband Higher and Wife Lower couples reported the higher marital quality, and the Dual Lower couples reported the worst. Furthermore, the interaction terms for gender, marital interaction and dyadic motivation of needs pattern strategy showed significant effects on marital quality. (5) Marital quality was significantly different due to the correspondences between motivation and satisfaction of marital needs. In terms of physiological desires, safety, relatives’ cohesion, self-actualization and other-evaluation, the over-need group showed the best martial quality, while the under-need group indicated the worst. In terms of conjugal relation and family harmony, the corresponding group showed the best marital quality. These results highlight the unique role and function of marital interaction and motivation and satisfaction of marital needs in the martial relationships.
否,無直接識別資料
除檢查有無可識別個人身份資料外,另檢查個案編號是否重複、變項及選項數值說明是否與問卷一致或未被定義,發現前述狀況時,將於確認後協助修改。
追蹤清單
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