科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST-108-2410-H-030-033-SSS
正向帶孫之影響因素:三代共榮效應模式
Factors of positive model for grand parental childcare :Well-beings for three generations
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
輔仁大學學校財團法人輔仁大學兒童與家庭學系
CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES.FU JEN CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY
陳富美
Chen, fu mei
輔仁大學學校財團法人輔仁大學兒童與家庭學系
CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES.FU JEN CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY
林郁玟
研究助理
0935392161
lyw0406@gmail.com
計畫執行期間起:2019-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2021-07-31
2019-08-01
2021-07-31
北北基地區家庭
1
001,004,007
02
祖父母、孫子女、帶孫、托育、正向老化、代間關係
grandparents, grandchild, grandparental childcare, positive aging, intergenerational relationship
在政府致力於建構友善托育環境以提升生育率之際,國內的多項調查皆顯示,55-65歲的祖父母、特別是祖母,為不容忽視的家庭托育資源。無論從父母的理想選擇、實際狀況或祖父母的準備度上,「帶孫」的代間支持/分工模式已然成形。近年來國內外研究相繼支持帶孫對於祖父母身心健康的助益,然帶孫除了有助於銀髮族活力老化外,應同時考量中間世代父母輩及孫子女的福祉;換言之,帶孫不應只是父母輩需要幫忙,而靠祖父母犧牲奉獻;抑或是祖父母感到活力及成就,但父母輩在其中隱忍一觸即發的衝突。更進一步而言,正向帶孫也應有助於孫子女的健康成長。如此三代共榮的帶孫影響因素,為本研究檢視的重點。本計畫之研究對象為北北基地區267對帶孫祖母/祖母及其協助帶孫之女兒/媳婦。影響因素包含正向帶孫的個人,家庭及社區社會因素,福祉因素包含祖父母的正向老化、女兒/媳婦的工作家庭衝突、親職壓力及生活滿意度,孫子女福祉則以媽媽對於托育品質之評估作為指標。在比對三代福祉的預測因素後,本研究發現,代間關係和育兒知識為最重要的三代共榮因素。代間關係親密、祖父母不在行為及情感上介入媽媽的教養,且帶孫祖父母的育兒知識越豐富,則三代的福祉越佳。本研究對於優化祖父母托育有其重要性,藉由全面性檢視正向帶孫的影響因素,期將帶孫的正向效益最大化。
To promote the birth rate, Taiwan Government is determined to build a friendly environment for childcare. Several domestic surveys report that grandparents between age 55 and 65, especially grandmothers, are an unneglectable childcare resource. From either the ideal choice of parents, the real situation or the readiness of grandparents, the childcare provided by grandparents has become well recognized and accepted. In recent years, domestic and international reports have indicated that grandparents benefit from taking care of grandchildren in term of their health. Childcare by grandparents not only rejuvenate the grandparents, but also bring benefits to parents and their children. In other words, childcare by grandparents is not only because parents need help from grandparents and grandparents have no other choice but to help. Childcare by grandparents should avoid causing confrontation between parents and grandparents. To care for grandchildren with a positive aspect will be beneficial for grandchildren’s development. This study aims to investigate the impact of childcare by grandparents by including 267 pairs of grandparents and mothers of the grandchildren living in Taipei City, New Taipei City and Keelung City. The predictors in this study includes individual, family and societal factors. The well-being factors involve positive aging for grandparents, work-family conflict, parenting stress and life satisfaction for mothers, and quality of child-care for grandchildren. Results showed that intergenerational relationship and childcare knowledge were the most important predictors for the well-being of grandparents, mothers and grandchildren. The closer the intergenerational relationship is, the less the parenting intrusion is, and the more child-care knowledge the grandparents have, the higher the well-being of the three generations is. In sum, the results of this study is important for optimizing quality of the childcare by grandparents.
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追蹤清單
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