科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST 108-2410-H-845-009 -
父母教養與青少年性格對青少年內外化行為之影響 (II)
Effect of Parenting and personality traits on adolescents\' internalizing and externalizing problem behavior(II)
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
臺北市立大學心理與諮商學系
University of Taipei Department of Psychology and Counseling
劉彥君
Yen Chun Liu
臺北市立大學心理與諮商學系
University of Taipei Department of Psychology and Counseling
劉彥君
副教授
0989536571
yencliupsyd@gmail.com
計畫執行期間起:2019-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2021-07-31
2019-08-01
2021-07-31
台灣北部地區(基隆市、台北市、新北市、桃園市、新竹市、新竹縣、宜蘭縣)12-18歲觸犯刑法或有觸犯刑法之虞,且於問卷調查期間接受法院保護管束或假日生活輔導之非行少年及其家長
1
003,004
01,02
父母教養;性格;內化行為;外化行為;青少年
parenting;personality;internalizing behaviors;externalizing behaviors;adolescent
青少年問題一直是大家關注的議題,其中內化(internalizing)之憂鬱/焦慮等情緒問題與外化(externalizing)之偏差行為在實務與學術界都受到相當的重視。青少年時期的憂鬱/焦慮情緒及偏差行為若未得到適當處理,對其日後社會心理發展將造成負面影響。目前台灣在探討父母教養、青少年人格與青少年內外化行為的關連研究中,有許多研究著重於父母教養對憂鬱、焦慮、偏差行為或廣泛心理健康的影響,但較少同時針對不同內外化問題行為的研究,也尚無同時以心理控制及行為控制面向來探討父母教養與青少年內外化行為之間的關係。 本研究的目的是(1)檢驗阿拉巴馬教養問卷(Alabama Parenting Questionnaire, APQ)在台灣使用的信效度,並建立實務應用上的常模及切截分數;(2)瞭解父母教養與青少年性格如何影響青少年之內外化行為。本研究以問卷調查法蒐集內化問題組或外化問題組之青少年及其家長,本研究於法院招募符合條件之外化問題組研究參與者,共計招募117位非行青少年及其家長80位,青少年有效樣本97份,家長有效樣本70份,有效成對樣本共計51組。 本研究結果發現(1) 青少年覺知母親貶抑個人之心理控制教養模式,以及缺乏監督之行為控制教養模式,對其內化行為具有負向的影響力。(2) 青少年知覺父親體罰與母親缺乏監督之行為控制教養模式,對其外化行為具有負向的影響力。(3) 非行少年之性格未能顯著預測其內外化行為。(4) 家長與青少年知覺正向教養、缺乏監督及引發愧疚感上具有顯著的差異 (5)相較青少年的外化行為,家長更少察覺到青少年的內化行為問題。
Adolescents’ problem behaviors have always been the great concern for psychologists. Internalizing problems such as depression and anxiety and externalizing behaviors such as delinquency have received considerable attention in clinical practices and research. Depression, anxiety and delinquency in adolescence usually have a negative impact on the social and psychological development of adolescents. Current studies in Taiwan often focus on the effect of parenting on either internalizing or externalizing behaviors, but not on the effect of parenting on both internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Moreover, little researches explored the effect of psychological control and behavioral control dimension on internalizing and externalizing behaviors in adolescence. The purpose of this study is to (1) examine the reliability and validity of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ) in Taiwan, and establish the normative data and cut-off scores for practical applications; and (2) to exanimate how parenting and adolescent’s personality affects the development of internalizing and externalizing behaviors in adolescents. In this study, a questionnaire survey method was used to collect data from delinquent adolescents and their parents. This study recruited a total of 117 delinquent adolescents and 80 parents from courts. There are 97 adolescents, 70 parents, and a total of 51 paired samples used in the data analysis. The results of this study found that (1) Adolescents\' perceptions of mothers\' depreciation and lack of supervision have a negative influence on their internalized behaviors. (2) Adolescents’ perceptions of father\'s corporal punishment and mother\'s lack of supervision have a negative influence on their externalized behaviors. (3) The personality traits of delinquent adolescents cannot predict their internalized and externalized behaviors. (4) There are significant differences between parents’ and adolescents’ perceptions in positive parenting, lack of supervision, and guilt induction.
是,已處理
僅就有無可識別個人身份資料進行檢查及處理,不對變項名稱、變項及選項數值說明與問卷是否一致或有定義進行核對或修改。
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