科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST 108-2410-H-260-040-SSS
物質濫用社會工作人力整備:從學校教育到實務現場
Substance abuse social work manpower preparedness: from school education to practical scene
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
國立暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系(所)
National Chi Nan University Department of Social Policy and Social Work
蔡佩真
Pei-Jen Tsai
國立暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系(所)
National Chi Nan University Department of Social Policy and Social Work
蔡佩真
教授
049-2910960#2731
pj1965sw@gmail.com
計畫執行期間起:2019-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2020-12-31
2020-12-01
2021-02-28
全臺社會工作相關部門社會工作人員
1
004,007
01
物質濫用;社會工作;教育訓練;服務態度
substance abuse;social work;education and training;Service attitude
台灣的反毒政策轉向,更加重視心理輔導與社會復健,因此社工專 業人力需求大增。然而既有藥癮處遇人力資源質量均不足,且物質 濫用社會工作教育的瓶頸,社會工作者以及在校學生並沒有受到足 夠的準備與必要的訓練,足以服務物質濫用者。相關文獻均認為教 育訓練可以幫助學生有較大的信心與能力順利地服務藥癮者。 本研究為橫斷性研究,採用問卷調查法,藉由問卷的資料蒐集方式 ,希望了解全台灣各領域社會工作者服務物質濫用者的服務感知與 訓練需求,包括受訓狀況、服務態度、服務經驗、專業關係、服務 挑戰、培訓需求。研究工具為自製「社會工作者在物質濫用相關業 務的服務感知調查表」,信度分析最終結果為,物質濫用之知識 α=.933、對物質濫用者的態度α=.896、角色功能α=.899、角色支 持α=.900、工作滿意度α=.802,以及總體社會工作者在物質濫用 相關業務的服務感知量表α=.945。本研究在抽樣方面,研究者採非 機率的方便性抽樣(convenience sampling),研究對象來源是透 過公文邀請與網路邀請。本研究總共計發388份公文,邀請全台社會 工作相關部門社工人員填寫問卷,公文發放分為三大類,(一)全 國縣市政府及公部門,88份公文、(二)私部門社福機構,213份公 文、(三)醫療院所,87份公文。本次研究問卷共回收847份,其中 包含預試37份、網路問卷回收352份,以及公文問卷回收458份。剔 除無效樣本7份,最終回收有效問卷為841。佔全國社工執業人數 14,989的5.61%。受試者中女性共有644人,佔76.6%,多於男性 195人(23.2%),年齡最多為21-30歲有355位(42.2%)、其次是 31-40歲有291位(34.6%),學歷以大專院校(大學)449人,佔 53.4%最多。具有社會工作師證照者共426名(54.9%)。從事社會工 作總年資三年以下者最多,佔259人(30.8%);第二為3年以上到 6年,共174人(20.7%);受試者主要任職機構設置型態中,佔比前 三的分別是,醫院227人(27%)、財團法人基金會及附設機構203人 (24.1%)。受試者主要服務領域佔比第一的是兒童少年 294(23.9%)、次居為一般醫務社工147(11.9%),第三為藥酒癮 服務機構142(11.5%),第四為心理衛生領域(10.8%)。求學階段 「有」上過學校開設物質濫用課程者為少數,僅35.2%,就業後「有 」接受過物質濫用相關繼續教育訓練者582人(69.2)多於「沒有」 者的30.8%。但是近五年約受過幾小時物質濫用相關繼續教育訓練 ,28.8%者居然0小時,在職訓練缺乏。未來希望接受之相關繼續教 育訓練內容,居前五的分別是個案工作13.0%、物質濫用家庭評估與 處遇11.8%、多元文化能力10.5%、物質濫用的相關資源10.5%,和專 業倫理9.5%。研究成果盼能提供各社工系所課程設計與開課教師參 考。
Taiwan’s anti-drug policy has shifted to more emphasis on psychological counseling and social rehabilitation, and as a result, the demand for professional manpower for social workers has greatly increased. However, the existing drug addiction treatments have insufficient human resources and the bottleneck of substance abuse social work education. Social workers and school students have not receivedsufficient preparation and necessary training to serve substance abusers. Relevant documents all believe that education and training can help students have greater confidence and ability to serve drug addicts smoothly. This research is a cross-sectional study, using a questionnaire survey method, through the questionnaire data collection method, hoping to understand the service perception and training needs of social workers in various fields in Taiwan serving substance abusers, including training status, service attitudes, and service experience , Professional relations, service challenges, training needs. The research tool is a self-made \"Service Perception Questionnaire of Social Workers in Substance Abuse-related Business\". The final result of the reliability analysis is that the knowledge of substance abuse is α=.933, the attitude towards substance abusers α=.896, and the role function α =.899, role support α=.900, job satisfaction α=.802, and overall social workers’ service perception scale for substance abuse-related businesses α=.945. In terms of sampling in this study, the researcher adopts convenience sampling which is not probabilistic. The source of the research objects is through official document invitations and online invitations. A total of 388 official documents were issued in this study, and social workers from relevant departments of social work in Taiwan were invited to fill out the questionnaire. The official documents were distributed into three categories: (1) county and city governments and public departments across the country, 88 official documents, and (2) private sector social welfare Institutions, 213 official documents, (3) medical institutions, 87 official documents. A total of 847 questionnaires were collected for this study, including 37 pre-tests, 352 online questionnaires, and 458 official document questionnaires. Excluding 7 invalid samples, the final valid questionnaire was 841. It accounts for 5.61% of the 14,989 social workers in the country. The research results are expected to provide reference for the curriculum design and course opening teachers of various social engineering departments.
否,無直接識別資料
僅就有無可識別個人身份資料進行檢查及處理,不對變項名稱、變項及選項數值說明與問卷是否一致或有定義進行核對或修改。
追蹤清單
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