科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST 108-2410-H-029-023 -SSS
學習失敗創新經驗與公司創新績效關係之研究:探討來源不同,建設性衝突與知識吸收能力之影響
The relationship between learning from failed innovation and firm\'s innovation performance: exploring the influence of different sources, constructive conflict and knowledge absorption capacity
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
東海大學
TUNGHAI UNIVERSITY
曾俊堯
CHUN-YAO TSENG
東海大學
TUNGHAI UNIVERSITY
曾俊堯
教授
0920336353
cytseng@thu.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2019-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2020-10-31
2020-10-15
2020-11-30
屬於電子工業類股的公司,且為台灣上市ヽ上櫃ヽ興櫃的公司
2
003
05
失敗學習,替代學習,失敗創新,知識吸收能力,建設性衝突,創新績效
Learning from failure, Vicarious learning, Fail innovation, Knowledge absorptive capacity, Constructive conflict, Innovation performance.
創新已成為每一個組織不可或缺的競爭優勢來源,組織學習為保持創新競爭力的基石,但是大多數的創新都是失敗,過去文獻較少探討如何學習失敗經驗以提升創新績效。一方面學習別人失敗經驗的替代學習,也是組織學習上可以發展的方向。另一面,未發現有研究探討企業學習過去失敗經驗,在那些條件下會提高創新績效的影響力。因此,本研究主要整合組織學習ヽ組織行為ヽ知識吸納能力與創新管理等相關理論,研究計畫主要目的:第一項為探討學習失敗經驗是否影響公司創新績效,並檢視比較失敗經驗來源是來自自己公司或其他公司的效益有無差異;第二項討探討有那些因素影響學習失敗經驗與創新績效之間的關係,本研究從建設性衝突組織氣氛與知識吸收能力與兩方面探討其影響力。 本研究對象為在台灣上市上櫃興櫃被歸為電子工業類股的公司,共有942家公司,利用問卷調查方法蒐集相關資料,根據105家有效樣本,利用偏最小平方法的線性結構方程式(PLS-SEM)進行統計分析,主要研究結果有以下二項:第一項為學習失敗經驗的來源不同,對於公司創新績效的影響,有顯著性差異; 學習自己公司失敗經驗有助於提升公司的產品創新,而學習其他公司的失敗經驗則有助於提升公司的流程創新。第二項為建立一個建設性衝突的組織氣氛,對於學習其他公司失敗經驗以提升公司產品創新的效益最大;而公司的知識吸收能力對於學習其他公司失敗經驗與公司流程創新的關係,也有正向顯著性的調節效果。研究結果有助於了解學習失敗經驗與創新績效的關係,以及建設性衝突組織氣氛與公司知識吸收能力的重要性,不僅在學術研究、企業經營或國家產業發展,都有很大貢獻。
Innovation has become an important source of competitive advantage for every organization and organizational learning is the cornerstone of maintaining innovation competitiveness. Most of innovations are failures, but there are less study to investigate the relationship learning from failure and innovation performance. On the one hand, the learning other firm\'s failure experience is also the direction for enhancing innovation performance in organizational learning field. On the other hand, this study hasn’t found the research about investigating those conditions can enhance the effect of failed learning. Therefore, this study mainly integrates many management theories including organizational learning, organizational behavior, knowledge absorption capacity and innovation management. The first purpose of the research project is to discuss whether learning failures can affect innovation performance and to examine there is difference between effect of learning for own firm’s failure and from other firm’s failure. The second purpose is to discuss whether both knowledge absorption and constructive conflict have the moderating effects of the relationship between learning failures can affect innovation performance. This research objects are 942 electronics firms listed in Taiwan. This study uses questionnaires to collect relevant data. Based upon 105 samples, this study adopts partial least squares - structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) to test hypotheses. The research results are as follows: 1. There is significant difference between effect of learning for own firm’s failure and other firm’s failure on innovation performance, and. learning other firm’s failure will improve firm’s process innovation. 2. The organizational climate of constructive conflict will have the positive moderating effect of the relationship between learning other firm’s failures and firm’s product innovation. Knowledge absorption ability will have the positive moderating effect of the relationship between learning other firm’s failures and firm’ process innovation. Based on the empirical findings, this study recommends a sound organizational learning mechanism that learning from failure will enhance firm’s innovation performance.
否,無直接識別資料
除檢查有無可識別個人身份資料外,另檢查個案編號是否重複、變項及選項數值說明是否與問卷一致或未被定義,發現前述狀況時,將於確認後協助修改。
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