科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST 106-2410-H-002-157-SS2
高衝突離異家庭介入模式之建構
Establishing an intervention model for high-conflict divorced families
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
台灣大學社會工作學系
Department of Social Work, National Taiwan University
矧瓊桃
April Chiung-Tao Shen
台灣大學社會工作學系
Department of Social Work, National Taiwan University
沈瓊桃
教授
02-33661246
acshen@ntu.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2017-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2020-01-31
2017-12-15
2020-01-10
離婚且有未成年子女者
1
001,003,004,007
01
離婚;共親職;高衝突家庭
Co-parenting;divorce;high-conflict families
本研究設計是質量整合的橫斷性研究,針對不同研究目的收集不同研究對象的資料。研究分為三部分:首先針對實務工作者舉辦焦點團體,了解其對高衝突家庭的服務模式為何?、再來邀請離異父母填寫問卷,最後邀請父母離異的子女填寫問卷。本研究測量工具為問卷調查和焦點團體。本研究在質性焦點團體的部分總共有11位實務工作者參與,量化問卷的部分則分別有213位離異父母以及174位子女參與研究。 由於質性焦點團體訪談的研究成果已於期中報告中分析高衝突家庭的服務模式為何,故此次期末報告係針對父母問卷調查的部份樣本 (第一波資料蒐集的樣本數),檢視有哪些因子會影響離婚父母的共親職互動,藉此提供實務工作者切入離婚父母共親職的協助面向指引。此報告已改寫成期刊論文初稿,以下為該期刊論文初稿的研究摘要。 本研究以離婚一年以上且有至少一名未成年子女之離婚父母為研究 對象,共收集136份有效問卷(第一波資料蒐集的樣本數)。本研究以Ahrons(1981)系統觀點為理論基礎,並運用SPSS階層迴歸方法檢視包含饒恕、個人與社會對於離婚父母共親職之期待、離婚父母間的敵意程度、對於子女扶養費、探視時間及親權安排的滿意程度六項因子(自變項),對離婚後共親職互動品質依變項之預測力(包含衝突 與支持兩面向),並以性別、居住地區、子女居住狀態、婚齡、離婚 方式、親權歸屬、和子女的親密程度、收入狀況及教育程度為背景控制變項。 分析結果發現子女探視時間安排的滿意程度、前配偶與子女的親密程度與饒恕程度對於會影響離婚父母共親職互動之品質。因此建議實務工作可以更多聚焦於離婚父母面對婚姻結束時,對於前配偶的諒解,並協助雙方訂定子女相處時間安排,讓父母瞭解離婚後共親職的重要性。
Co-parenting after divorce refers to the relationship of both divorced parents continuing to participate in child rearing, a high quality coparental relationship combined with low interparental conflict and high mutual support. This study expects to guide practitioners’ work direction to support divorced parents specifically through investigating factors contributing to better co-parental interaction after divorce.This study purposively sampled 136 participants who had been divorced for at least one year and were raising children under 20 years old. Participants were recruited from family case service centers in family courts all over Taiwan, social media, and a recruitment advertisement placed in Household Registration Office. This study is based on systematic perspective. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was made to test the effect of 6 factors: forgiveness, expectations of post-divorce co- parenting, level of hostile between divorced parents, satisfaction with child financial support, satisfaction with visiting arrangement, and satisfaction with custody arrangements on quality of co-parental interaction after divorce. The control variables include county of residence, gender of the parent, length of the marriage, the divorce procedure, average monthly income of the parent, highest education level the parent attained, age of the children, children’s living and custody arrangement, and parent- child intimacy. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that intimacy between the ex-spouse and the children, satisfaction with visiting arrangement, and forgiveness were the sigfinicant predictors of quality of co-parental interactions between divorced parents, which means the more that divorced parents were satisfied with the child’s visiting arrangement, the more intimate the relationship between the child and ex-spouse, and the more forgiveness between the divorced parents, the better the quality of co- parental interactions between the divorced parents. The implications include helping a divorced parent to forgive an ex-spouse, to maintain intimacy between the ex-spouse and the children, and to improve the satisfaction with the child’s visiting arrangement.
程芷妍(2018)。影響離婚父母共親職互動品質之因子。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。

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