科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST-107-2410-H-002-166-SS2
安置體系兒少主觀福祉探究與跨國比較分析
Subjective Well-being of Children in the foster care system and Cross-country Comparative Analysis
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
國立臺灣大學社會工作學系
National Taiwan University Department of Social Work
陳毓文
Yu-Wen Chen
國立臺灣大學社會工作學系
National Taiwan University Department of Social Work
陳毓文
教授
02-33661259
yuchen@ntu.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2018-07-31
計畫執行期間迄:2020-08-01
2018-07-31
2020-08-01
台灣安置兒少
1
003
01
兒童少年;主觀福祉;安置體系;兒童權利
children and youth;subjective well-being;foster care system;children\'s right
相較於一般兒少,受到原生家庭的傷害而須接受 家外安置的兒少通常會面臨較多的問題,然國內並沒有相關的研究針對他們的福祉進行探究,本研究遂以安置體系兒少為關注對象,讓大家理解他們對目前所擁有之基本需求、家庭與學校、社區經驗,以及所理解的兒童權利議題等的看法。 本研究不僅可和國內一般兒少福祉狀況進行比較,日後也可以和其他國家研究團隊的研究結果進行跨國資料比較分析。本研究以兩年的時間來進行,第一年針對安置機構兒童少年主觀福祉經驗進行調查,第二年則針對寄養家庭兒少進行調查,同時比較兩種安置體系兒少以及安置兒少與一般兒少的主觀福祉是否有顯著差異,也檢視解釋其主觀福祉經驗之相關因素。原本預計能與西班牙團隊進行資料比較,然因受 COVID 19疫情影響,西班牙團隊未能如期完成資料蒐集工作,故尚無法進行跨國資料比較。為使本研究資料日後能和國際研究團隊及臺灣一般兒少所得的結果進行比較,本研究同樣採量化研究設計,運用問卷調查並採立意抽樣,針對年滿 8 與10 歲以上至 15 歲以下、且已進入安置體系滿三個月以上的兒少,總計從安置家庭 (N = 與安置機構 (N = 共取得 871 份問卷,所有問卷皆採個別自填問卷 方式蒐集資料,研究計畫執行前已先通過倫理委員會審查,於取得審查證明 後方進行之。 研究結果發現:一般兒少的主觀福祉比安置兒少為高;而安置兒少方面,寄養家庭兒少的主觀福祉得分又比機構兒少為高;不同年齡層兒少的主觀福祉展現不同的性別差異狀況;多元迴歸分析結果則顯示,社會支持是影響兒少福祉最重要的因素,來自照顧者、同儕、教師與其他成年人的支持對於主觀福祉的影響甚鉅,至於兒少所擁有的物質條件對於福祉則不具有顯著影響力。本研究最後針對研究結論提出相關政策與實務建議。
Due to prior experiences of trauma and ab use from biological families, children and youth in foster care tend to suffer more problems. However, not much wasknown about their well being. This study attempts to fill the gap by examining the subjective well being of children and youth in foster car e, both in foster homes and institutions. It examined their self reported well being in daily living, family and school, neighborhood and community, as well as issues related to children’s rights. This study took two years to achieve the following purposes : 1) to examine the subjective well being of children and youth in foster care; 2) to examine factors explained their well being; 3) to compare the differences of well being between childrenfrom foster homes, institutions, as well as children not in care. The cross country comparisons were not able to complete due to the influence of the COVID 19 pandemic; Spain was not able to complete data collection as planned. In order to make the data comparable, questions in this study also followed the one used in t he International Survey of Children’s Well Being project (ISWeB), some questions related to placement issues were added. Using the purposive sampling method, children and youth aged 8 and 10 to 15, who entered the foster care system more than three months were recruited. It resulted in a total sample of 871, with 185 from foster homes, and 686 from group homes or residential care institutions. Self administrated questionnaires were distributed to these children and youth. To protect the rights of under aged participants, this study followed the code of ethics approved by the IRB. Results showed that the subjective well being of children not from the care system is higher than those in care, and those who were placed in foster homes were better than those living in institutions. Gender differences were found in different aspects of well being in different age groups. Multiple regression analyses found that social support played a crucial role in influencing the subjective well-being of children and youth. Support from caretakers, peers, teacher, and adults in the community can explain a large amount of variance in the subjective well being. Material life did not have significant effect on children’s subjective well being. The study concluded with suggestions for policies and practices.
是,已處理
僅就有無可識別個人身份資料進行檢查及處理,不對變項名稱、變項及選項數值說明與問卷是否一致或有定義進行核對或修改。
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