科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST-107-2410-H-030-032-SSS
正向帶孫模式: 影響因素之探討
Positive perspective of grandparents\' caring for grandchildren:Predictive factors
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
輔仁大學學校財團法人輔仁大學兒童與家庭學系
Fu Jen Catholic University Child & Family Studies
陳富美
Chen Fu Mei
輔仁大學學校財團法人輔仁大學兒童與家庭學系
Fu Jen Catholic University Child & Family Studies
陳富美
副教授
(02)2905-2104
chenfumei8528@gmail.com
計畫執行期間起:2018-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2019-09-30
2018-12-01
2019-07-31
都會區帶孫的祖父母
1
001,004
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祖父母、帶孫、正向老化
grandparents, childcare, positive aging
在高齡化的趨勢下,正向老化是促進老人福祉的重要議題;同時,在少子化的危機下,滿足父母的托育需求,是為鼓勵生育的重大前提。若高齡者能成為家庭中嬰幼兒托育的資源,且帶孫有助於高齡者的正向老化,則上述目標可連帶達成。本計畫結合此二社會趨勢現象,檢視正向帶孫的模式,分析帶孫正向經驗極大化之影響因素。本研究之研究對象為400位55歲以上,在過去一年內,曾協助照顧孫子女(目前為1-10歲)之祖父母。自變項包含背景變項、帶孫形式及正向帶孫的個人、家庭、社區及社會因素。依變項則聚焦於祖父母的正向老化指標。研究結果顯示,年紀越輕、經濟健康狀況越佳、育兒知識越充足、越能彈性調適、代間情感越佳及知覺社會對於帶孫越支持尊重,則正向老化程度越高。 本計畫對於高齡化社會之正向老化及少子化趨勢之托育問題皆有所貢獻。藉由檢視正向帶孫的影響因素,祖父母可檢視自己是否適合帶孫、家庭可以思考是否適合以祖父母作為幼兒托育的選項。就政府政策面而言,可提供適合祖父母的課程活動,增進祖父母的帶孫知能。在祖父母的活動及父母的活動中,能關注代間關係的議題。例如,了解兩代想法、需求與溝通方式的差異等。而在社會的層面,則能給予祖父母帶孫正向的鼓勵與支持。高齡人力之再運用,不必然在家庭領域之外。政府可掌握適合帶孫的祖父母,充分運用「銀色資源」,提供最適切的協助,促進帶孫優質化,支持此一家庭托育資源之健全發展,同時有助於高齡者正向老化。
As an aged society, positive aging is an important issue. At the same time, under the trend of low birth rate, the need of childcare should be fulfilled in order to encourage childbearing. The aim of this study was to combine the two goals and examine factors affecting positive grandparental childcare. Indicator of positive grandparental childcare was grandparents’ perceived level of positive aging, including meaning in life, subjective well-being, peace of mind, and positive self-concept. 400 grandparents (55 years old and above, has been assisting grandchildren care in the previous year for at least 10 hours per week) were the sample of this study. Independent variables include demographic background, forms and degree of grandparental childcare, and influencing factors (at individual, family, community and societal level). Dependent variables are indicators of positive aging of grandparents. Hieratical regression was performed. Results showed that perceived financial adequacy, intimate intergenerational relationship and perceived positive views about grandparental childcare in the society were significant predictors of grandparents’ positive aging. Health, knowledge about childcare and adaptation skills were also significant predictors at moderate degrees. It is suggested that supporting grandparental childcare with providing grandparents courses related to international relationship management, child development/care and adaptation skills. Senior citizens would also be able to examine whether grandparental childcare was a good option for them in terms of their well-being. This study contributes to related policy making in order to facilitate child-care network in the family and to promote positive aging.
否,無直接識別資料
除檢查有無可識別個人身份資料外,另檢查個案編號是否重複、變項及選項數值說明是否與問卷一致或未被定義,發現前述狀況時,將於確認後協助修改。
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