科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST-105-2410-H-040 -003 -SS3
危機就是轉機:新移民婦女及其子女韌性前趨因素之探討以及韌性與安適幸福感之因果關係研究
Making a crisis into a favorable turn: Searching for the antecedents of resilience and the causal relationship between resilience and well-being among cross-cultural immigrant women and their children
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
中山醫學大學公共衛生學系(所)
Department of Public Health, Chung Shan Medical University
楊浩然
Hao-Jan Yang
中山醫學大學公共衛生學系(所)
Department of Public Health, Chung Shan Medical University
楊浩然
教授
04-24730022#12109
hjyang@csmu.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2016-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2019-07-31
2016-08-01
2019-07-31
中部地區國中小
1
096
01,03
新移民婦女、新移民子女、韌性、前趨因素、安適幸福感
Cross-cultural immigrant women; children of cross-cultural immigrant women; resilience; antecedents; well-being/happiness
過去針對新移民婦女以及其子女的研究,大多從精神病理的角度,探討其不適應的 相關議題。然而,儘管面對許多不利因素,大多數的新移民婦女以及其子女仍舊保有安 適的心理健康狀態,顯示出這個族群的強大韌性,值得正向心理學界及實務界探討這個 現象可能的機制。本研究的目的,在於耙梳新移民婦女以及其子女的韌性前趨因素,並 釐清韌性對於安適幸福感之作用。結合班度拉的相互決定論以及布朗芬布倫納的生態系 統理論,廣泛地自個人、家庭、社會/文化的層面,篩選出預測新移民婦女以及其子女韌 性的最佳因素組合。為了釐清因果關係,本研究採縱貫式設計,以問卷調查法蒐集二個 波段的資料。研究樣本自中部五個縣市之國中、小學,以「按規模大小成比例的機率抽 樣」方式選取;並由各縣市與新移民婦女福利有關之非營利組織,選取符合資格之新移 民婦女,作為補充樣本。本研究評估新移民婦女及其子女四個面向之安適幸福感指標(安 適幸福感、心理幸福感、生活滿意度、心理不適),並廣泛蒐集五項個人層面的因素(認 同、人格、自尊、自我效能、情緒調適能力)、三項家庭層面的因素(家庭功能、婚姻適 應、雙親教養)、以及七項社會/文化層面的因素(歧視、污名化、社會支持、社會經濟地 位、三種文化適應壓力),透過風險分數以及接收者操作特徵曲線的分析方法,建構新移 民族群韌性的最佳組合與側寫。而以複迴歸模式探討韌性對各個安適幸福感指標的主效 應,並檢視韌性的調節角色。此外,本研究亦以Sobel Test 進行中介分析,瞭解韌性在前 趨因素與安適幸福感之間的作用。本研究的結果,將可以幫助學界及實務界瞭解新移民 族群韌性產生之機制,藉以成為未來規劃促進新移民族群心理健康以及社會適應政策之 重要參考。
Previous studies concerning to cross-cultural immigrant women and their children mainly aimed at examining their adjustment issues from the psychopathological view. However, despite facing a variety of adversities, many of them still have a good well-being and mental health status, representing a solid resiliency in this population. This is worth of investigating the possible mechanism for researchers or practitioners in the field of positive psychology. The goal of the present study is to sort out the antecedents of resilience in cross-cultural immigrant women and their children; and to clarify the causal relationship between resilience and well-being/happiness. This study integrates Bandura’s Reciprocal Determinism and Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory to screen for the best combination of antecedents from individual, family, and social/cultural factors. A longitudinal study is conducted to collect two-wave data with self-administered questionnaires. Participants sample from junior high and elementary schools by using PPS from five counties in central area of Taiwan; and a supplementary sample is recruited from NGOs in association with cross-cultural women in the five counties. This study assesses the well-being/happiness with four indices in terms of peace of mind, eduaimonia, satisfaction with life, and depressive symptoms. Individual aspect of antecedents includes identity, personality, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and emotion regulation. Family aspect of antecedents includes family functioning, marital adjustment, and parental bounding. Social/cultural aspect of antecedents includes discrimination, stigmatization, social support, SES, and 3 types of acculturative factors. By using the risk score and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses, this study constructs an optimal profile of the combination of all aspects of antecedents. By employing multiple regression models, this study examines the main effect and moderating effect of resilience on well-being/happiness. In addition, the Sobel Test is performed to examine the mediating role of resilience between antecedents and well-being/happiness. Findings of the present study will help researchers and practitioners to understand the mechanism of people forming resiliency, which can be an important reference in making prevention and intervention strategies about promoting mental health and social adjustment.
是,已處理
除檢查有無可識別個人身份資料外,另檢查個案編號是否重複、變項及選項數值說明是否與問卷一致或未被定義,發現前述狀況時,將於確認後協助修改。
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