科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST-107-2410-H-038-013-SSS
在台外籍移工的精神健康與相關因子
Mental health and related factors among temporary migrant workers in Taiwan
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
台北醫學大學
Taipei Medical University
莊坤洋
Kun Yang Chuang
Taipei Medical University
Taipei Medical University
Kun Yang Chuang
02-27261661 ext 6522
adinma@tmu.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2018-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2019-07-31
2019-02-01
2019-07-31
migrant workers in taiwan
1
007,009
01
移工,心理健康
migrant workers, mental health
外籍移工需要面對有害的工作和生活環境以及當地居民的歧視性偏見,文獻普遍認為遷移有害心理健康,對於心理健康之影響已經得到廣泛地研究以及證實。 最近,只有少數研究針對在台灣東南亞移工的健康狀況,且這些研究皆有樣本數過小、工作多樣性少、派遣國家的多樣性少等相近的研究限制,因此無法針對移工健康形成較為全面的觀點。本研究招募來自台灣的北部、中部、南部以及東部的移工受訪者,透過線上問卷,收集含人口學特徵、健康、憂鬱、生活狀況以及歧視等變項。結果指出,大約有14.9%的外籍移工患有憂鬱症。憂鬱症和身為女性、年紀輕、未婚、沒有小孩、來自台灣北部、無法滿足於生活環境、無法自由進出、較少用網路、較少和鄰居互動、感受到歧視等相關
International migrant workers had to deal with hazardous working and living conditions, and discriminatory prejudice by locals. It has been generally accepted in the literature that migration is harmful for mental health, and the adverse effects on mental health of migration have been widely researched and established. Up to date, there has only been a handful of studies that have focused on health of Southeast Asian migrant workers in Taiwan, and these studies all had a similar limitation of small sample size, with little diversity in the nature of work and sending countries, and thus unable to provide a general overview of migrant’s health. Participants were recruited from the northern, central, southern, and eastern part of Taiwan, and were asked to fill out an online questionnaire, which included socio-demographic, health, depression, living situation, and discrimination variables. Results indicated that about 14.9% of migrant workers suffered from depression. Depression was associated with being female, younger age, being unmarried, without children, from northern region in Taiwan, not satisfied with living environment, could not go out freely, less use of internet, low interaction with neighbors, and perceived discrimination.
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