科技部專題研究計畫主持人
107-2410-H-004 -152 -SSS
臺北市國民小學校長空間領導、教育設施品質與學生學習成效關係之研究
A study on the relationship among the principals\' space leadership, the quality of educational facilities and student outcome of elementary schools in Taipei City
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
國立政治大學教育學系
National Chengchi University Department of Education
湯志民
CHIH MIN TANG
國立政治大學教育學系
National Chengchi University Department of Education
呂思杰
0935231527
rosemarry649@gmail.com
計畫執行期間起:2018-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2019-07-31
2018-08-01
2019-07-31
臺北市國民小學
1
003
03
校長空間領導、教育設施品質、學生學習成效
Principal’s space leadership, The quality of educational facilities, Student’s outcome
本研究旨在瞭解臺北市國民小學校長空間領導、教育設施品質與學生學習成效之現況,分析不同個別背景變項之教師在知覺校長空間領導、教育設施品質之差異情形,並探討校長空間領導、教育設施品質與學生學習成效之間的關係與影響力。   本研究採問卷調查法,研究對象採用分層立意抽樣,抽取臺北市126所國民小學之六年級導師576 名及兼行政教師(含主任、組長)每校 4 名計 504 名,總計 1,080名教師。回收1,012份問卷,回收率達93.70%;其中有效問卷1,010份,有效問卷回收率達93.51%。資料處理以描述性統計、因素分析、信效度分析、皮爾森積差相關、變異數分析、偏相關、多元迴歸分析及路徑分析。   本研究獲致以下結論: 一、 臺北市國民小學校長空間領導達高程度,以「融入課程教學」構面表現最佳。 二、 臺北市國民小學教育設施品質達中高程度,以「舒適的教室環境」構面表現最佳。 三、 臺北市國民小學以「男性」、「在本校年資在5年以下」、「科任教師(含其他)」之教師知覺校長空間領導程度較高。 四、 臺北市國民小學以「學校規模12班以下」、「人均校地面積24 m2以上」、「人均建築面積36 m2以上」之學校其教育設施品質程度較高。 五、 臺北市國民小學校長空間領導與教育設施品質有中度正相關。 六、 控制基礎學力,可得校長空間領導、教育設施品質與學生學習成效呈正相關之結果。 七、 控制學生社經地位,可得校長空間領導、教育設施品質與學生學習成效呈正相關之結果。 八、 臺北市國民小學教育設施品質中「良好的設施維護」能預測學生學習成效。 九、 校長空間領導、教育設施品質與學生學習成效影響關係的路徑模式確立,校長空間領導對教育設施品質有直接影響;教育設施品質對學生學習成效有間接影響。   最後,本研究依據研究結果提出建議,俾提供教育行政機關、學校校長以及未來研究之參考。
This study aims to investigate the relationship among the space leadership of principals, the quality of educational facilities, and student’s outcome. This study analyzed different background variables from the teachers to see the difference in these 3 variables on them. Also, it examed the relationship among the influence. This study was adopted the questionnaire survey method. Questionnaire survey 138 schools in Taipei City, using intentional sampling, 126 schools, 576 sixth grade teachers and 504 administrator teachers (inculding directors and section chiefs). A total of 1,080 teachers were surveyed. 1,012 questionnaires were collected, and the recovery rate was 93.70%. After eliminating the invalid questionnaire, the total number of valid questionnaires was 1010, and the effective questionnaire recovery rate was 93.51%. The collected data was analyzed by the method of descriptive statistics, reliability, validity, Pearson correlation, multiple regression and path analysis. The conclusion of this study are listed below: 1. The level of space leadership of principals in Taipei is high, and the performance in “Curriculum Intergration” is outstanding. 2. The level of educational facilities in Taipei is medium high, and the performance in “Comfortable Classroom Environment” is outstanding. 3. Teachers who are “male”, “in the school years less than 5 years” and “subject teachers (including subsititude teachers) has a high level of space leadership in Taipei City elementary school. 4. Schools with a “school size of less than 12 classes”, “per capital school floor above 24m2” and “per capital building area of 36m2 or more” has higher evaluations on the quality of educational facilities. 5. The relationship between principals’ space leadership and the quality of educational facilities have a medium high significant positive correlation. 6. Under the control of education indicators, principals’ space leadership, the quality of educational facilities and student’s outcomes have a high significant positive correlation. 7. Under the control of socioeconomic status, principals’ space leadership, the quality of educational facilities and student’s outcomes have a high significant positive correlation. 8. “Good Facilities Maintenance”in the quality of educational facilities can predict student’s outcomes. 9. The path model of the principal’s space leadership, the quality of educational facilities and student’s outcomes are established. The principals’ space leadership has a direct positive impact on the quality of educational facilities. And the quality of educational facilities has a directly positive impact on student’s outcomes. At last, according to the results of the research, the study conducted some suggestions to provide reference materials to educational administrative organizations, school principals and other researchers in this field.
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