科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST-105-2410-H305-067-SS2
被結構的能動性:犯罪傾向知能結構與暴力行為關聯的跨文化研究
Structured Agency: A Cross-Cultural Investigation of the Association between Criminogenic Knowledge Structure and Adolescent Violent Behavior
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
國立臺北大學社會學系
National Taipei University Department of Sociology
陳易甫
Yi-Fu Chen
國立臺北大學社會學系
National Taipei University Department of Sociology
陳易甫
副教授
02-86741111#67067
yifuchen@mail.ntpu.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2016-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2018-07-31
2016-08-01
2018-05-31
台灣青少年
1
003,007
03
行動理論;個人能動性;社會基模;暴力知能結構;友誼網絡
Action theory;human agency;social schema;violent knowledge structure;friendship network
近年來,台灣社會屢屢發生重大的暴力刑事案件。以近期女童割喉案為例,受害者家屬 的傷痛、加害者家人的歉疚以至於隨之興起的廢死與反廢死的爭論,皆使這個社會陷入精力 與情緒上的消耗。然而,真正的問題,即「暴力行為從何而來?為何發生?」,卻鮮少在這 一系列的討論中被認真對待。過去研究顯示,暴力行為的起因根植於青少年階段。因此,探 討青少年暴力行為的起因甚是關鍵。雖然,過去已有許多社會學與犯罪學的學者針對這個議 題進行探究,然而,這些研究大多太過著重單一理論的檢驗或納入多個理論概念卻缺乏整合 性的理論思維。這個研究以行動理論的架構重新詮釋犯罪學與偏差社會學新近的整合理論: 犯罪的社會基模理論。以此一理論的核心概念:結構化的暴力知能結構(structured violent knowledge structure)來探討青少年暴力行為形成的機制。在未來的三年中,這個研究預計蒐 集約1,300 位青少年及其友伴的資料,用以針對犯罪的社會基模理論進行跨文化的實證檢 證。此外,有鑑於該理論在友伴影響力的論述不足以描繪台灣獨特的班級制度,這個研究也 提出新增的理論觀點,並蒐集多時間點青少年友誼網絡的資料,用以檢證所提出的理論架 構。最後,從行動理論的架構出發,將行動者的能動性與其所處社會脈絡納入理論的思考 中,並輔以社會網絡分析的概念,這個研究所得的結果將有助於本土偏差與犯罪學整合性理 論的建構。
pressing matters, this line of discussion should go beyond the Versus and investigate the fundamental questions: Where the violent acts come from and why the violent acts occur? Past research has shown that etiology of violent behavior roots during adolescence; therefore, investigating the causes of adolescent violent behavior is critical. Although past sociological and criminological studies have provided empirical evidence regarding the causes of violent behaviors for adolescents in Taiwan, they have only focused on single theoretical perspective or incorporated multiple theoretical concepts without a cohesive conceptualization. The proposed grant will reinterpret the newly developed criminological theory: Social schema theory of crime from an action theory framework. The researcher will investigate the mechanisms and causes of adolescent violent behavior with structured violent knowledge structure, a key concept in the social schema theory of crime. In the proposed 3-year grant, 1,300 adolescents and their best friends will be interviewed and empirical data will be obtained. The data will be used to conduct a cross-cultural comparison of the proposed theoretical models. Furthermore, to address the importance of classroom setting in Taiwanese youths’ lives, the research also proposes new supplement to the social schema theory of crime. With the collection of multiple waves of friendship network data, the research will examine the empirical status of the proposed theoretical model. Lastly, from the framework of action theory, the research incorporates agency, social contexts, and concepts of social network analysis. The result will improve the conceptualization of an integrative theory of crime and deviance in Taiwan.
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