科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST 106-2410-H-155-049-SSS
共同學習與共同知識創造對知識張力與國際合資績效間關係的影響
The impact of joint learning and joint knowledge creation on the relationship between knowledge tension and international joint venture’s performance
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
元智大學
Yuan Ze University
黃銘章
Ming-Chang Huang
元智大學
Yuan Ze University
許惠雯
碩士生助理
0955379352
xxx84321@gmail.com
計畫執行期間起:2017-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2018-07-31
2018-02-01
2018-05-31
2017年核准對外投資名錄,再以此名錄比對公開股市觀測站與臺灣經濟新報中,台商對外直接投資的子公司持股達20%以上,且低於80%的廠商作為實證研究的對象
3
003
05
知識張力;共同學習;共同知識創造;國際合資
Knowledge tension;joint learning;joint knowledge creation;international joint ventures
透過學習取得知識與透過知識防弊避免知識外溢是兩個在國際合資事業相關研究中的重要議題,夥伴一方的知識取得可能會以另一方的知識外溢作為代價。然而本研究認為,在國際合資關係中,知識的取得與知識的外溢是同時並存的,也是造成多國籍企業、地主國夥伴與國際合資事業間存在知識張力的重要因素。雖然若干的研究已經注意到知識分享與知識保護的兩難,但大部分的研究所關注的議題要不是放在透過知識分享與學習取得夥伴的知識,就是關注透過防弊措施對知識進行保護。本研究基於交易成本理論與知識觀點,提出知識張力的架構,同時考慮國際合資中同時存在的知識取得與知識外溢風險,形成所謂的知識張力架構。以經濟部投審會2017台灣廠商對外直接投資的廠商作為研究對象,從82個國際合資的實證結果顯示:知識張力對於共同知識的創造與國際合資績效有正向的影響,共同知識創造會完全中介知識張力與國際合資績效間的正向關係;共同學習對於共同知識創造影正向的影響,而且共同學習會調正知識張力透過共同知識創造對國際合資績效的間接影響。這個架構可以有以下的兩個貢獻:首先,透過知識張力架構的發展,可以提供國際合資管理的另一理論基礎;其次,本研究也考慮共同學習與共同知識創造對知識張力與國際合資績效間的關係之影響和所扮演的角色。
Knowledge acquisition via learning and knowledge protection through knowledge safeguarding are two critical issues at the study of international joint ventures (IJVs). However, one partner acquires knowledge from another partner may result in knowledge leakage of another partner. Focal firm’s knowledge acquisition was based on the cost of another party’s knowledge loss. Knowledge acquisition and knowledge leakage co-exist in an IJV simultaneously that result in knowledge tension among Multi-national enterprises (MNEs), local partner and IJV. Though some studies had mentioned the phenomena of knowledge sharing-protecting dilemma, most of prior studies focus on either knowledge acquisition via sharing and learning or knowledge protection through safeguarding. Based on transaction cost economy and knowledge based view, this study proposes a knowledge tension framework that considers knowledge acquisition and knowledge leakage risk simultaneously. The source for our sample collection was the list of Approved Foreign Investments in the Year 2017, which was published by the Investment Commission of the Ministry of Economic Affairs in Taiwan. Empirical results from 82 IJVs indicated that knowledge tension had positive impact on IJV performance satisfaction and joint knowledge creation. Joint knowledge creation fully mediated the positive relationship between knowledge tension and IJV performance. Joint learning had positive impact joint knowledge creation. Joint learning moderated the positive and indirect effect of knowledge tension on IJV performance satisfaction through joint knowledge creation. This study can make two contributions. First, our model can contribute on the IJV management through the development of solid construct of knowledge tension. Second, while the literature centers on knowledge acquisition or knowledge protection, this study includes joint learning and joint knowledge creation that can provide an ambidextrous way to balance the knowledge tension in an IJV.
是,已處理
除檢查有無可識別個人身份資料外,另檢查個案編號是否重複、變項及選項數值說明是否與問卷一致或未被定義,發現前述狀況時,將於確認後協助修改。
追蹤清單
下載(0)
申請(0)
遠距(0)