科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST-103-2410-H-037-004-SSS
做人的理論模式及實徵研究
A theoretcal model of
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
高雄醫學大學
Kaohsiung Medical University
張滿玲
Chang Maanling
高雄醫學大學
Kaohsiung Medical University
張滿玲
助理教授
07-3215422#827
maanling@kmu.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2014-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2015-07-31
2014-09-15
2015-02-28
台灣成年人
1
003,004
01
道德,私利,人際和諧,自我呈現
morality, self-interest, interpersonal harmony, self-presentation
華人社會重視做人,但學術界對做人有系統的研究並不多,缺乏理論建構和驗證理論的實徵研究,因此本研究試圖建構做人的理論模式,說明如何同時滿足互相衝突的道德、和諧與利益,並提出一個實徵研究來驗證它。本研究以台灣成年人為研究對象,有效樣本共299人。測量變項包括:私/公我意識、個人/社會取向自我、馬基維利主義、表裡不一的行為(藏真實、匿原則、隱私利)。階層迴歸分析的結果發現,在藏真實和隱私利的行為意願上,馬基維利主義傾向愈高,藏真實的行為意願愈高;和馬基維利主義相較之下,「個人取向自我觀」和「社會取向自我觀」的影響都未達顯著;「私我意識」和「公我意識」的影響都未達顯著。但是在匿原則的行為意願上,馬基維利主義傾向愈高,匿原則的行為意願愈高;和馬基維利主義相較之下,「個人取向自我觀」的影響也達顯著,「個人取向自我觀」越高,匿原則的行為意願越低;「公我意識」的影響則接近顯著水準,即「公我意識」越高,匿原則的行為意願越高。呼應研究者提出的「做人的理論模式」,本研究最後嘗試用私利和他利動機和說明表裡不一做人行為的性質。
”Zuo_ren” is valued in Chinese society. However, the issues was little systematically examined in academics. A theoretical model was developed and empirically tested in the research. Taiwan 299 adults completed the questionnaire, measuring private/public self-consciousness, individual/social oriented self-view, Machiavalianism, and 3 kinds of hypocritical behaviors (masking inner truth, concealing rules, and hiding self-interest). Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that only machiavalianism significantly predicted masking inner truth and hiding self-interest. Machiavalianism was positively correlated with masking inner truth and hiding self-interest. Both machiavalianism and individual oriented self-view significantly predicted concealing self-principles, whereas public self-consciousness was marginally significant. Self-interest and other-interest motives of hypocritical behaviors were discussed.
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僅就有無可識別個人身份資料進行檢查及處理,不對變項名稱、變項及選項數值說明與問卷是否一致或有定義進行核對或修改。
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