科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST-103-2410-H-259-14-SS2
錯把馮京當馬涼:以資訊處理觀點探討魅力領導的前因
The misattribution of leadership: explore the antecedents of charismatic leadership from information processing approach
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
國立東華大學企業管理學系暨研究所
National Dong Hwa University Department of Business Administration
林家五
Chia-wu Lin
國立東華大學企業管理學系暨研究所
ational Dong Hwa University Department of Business Administration
林家五
教授
(03)890-3026
jwlin@gms.ndhu.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2014-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2016-07-31
2015-01-20
2017-01-30
母體界定於部屬與主管接觸頻率高的銀行業; 排除在分行未滿六個月的員工; 每家分行初步回收樣本數,須超過該分行人數的三分之二以上,可避免二次發放問卷時,過程中因主管或部屬調職或離職而產生過多無效問卷。
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魅力領導;內隱領導理論;領導者分類理論;領導歸因理論;威權主義
charismatic leadership;implicit leadership theory (ILT);leader categorization theory;attribution theory of leadership;authoritarianism
許多魅力領導研究的立論基礎其實是知覺評價(perceptual rating),因此瞭解何種因素有助於魅力的歸因(Ensari & Murphy, 2003)是很重要的;本計畫欲從部屬的觀點,探討魅力領導(charismatic leadership)的前因,也就是部屬對於魅力領導的原型(prototype)來自何處?錯誤歸因,如何發生?近年來,針對魅力領導的前因,多數強調領導者的特質(e.g., De Hoogh, Den Hartog, & Koopman, 2005; Walter & Bruch, 2009)或領導者的自我概念(self‐concept)(e.g., Sosik & Dworakivsky, 1998);相對較少研究從部屬觀點探討對魅力領導的知覺;本研究欲回應 Ehrhart and Klein (2001)、Walter and Bruch (2009)及 Nohe, , Michaelis, Menges, Zhang, and Sonntag (2013)的呼籲,探討魅力領導的前因。並且從部屬觀點與環境脈絡兩個視角,以內隱領導理論(implicit leadership theory, ILT)、領導者分類理論(leader categorization theory)及領導的歸因理論(attribution theory of leadership)為基礎,探討魅力領導的形成;具體而言,本研究將嘗試驗證三個架構(包含兩個實驗,及一個實證研究);探討領導者呈現的領導行為(例如,威權主義)與特徵(例如,自戀與外表),在環境脈絡(公司危機、成功歷史)變數的調節下,容易讓部屬知覺到它們是突顯的領導分類因子,進而將領導者歸類為魅力領導;最後,則是利用橫斷面的問卷調查,來驗證調節式中介模式,確認領導者個體變數與環境變數互動後,會不會進而影響部屬所知覺的魅力領導強度。
The purpose of this project is to investigate the factors that shape followers’ perception of charismatic leaders. Based on the literature on implicit leadership theory (ILT), leader categorization theory and attribution theory of leadership, it was hypothesized that leaders’ authoritarianism and the interaction with narcissism, physical appearance would predict followers’ conceptualization of a leader with charisma (i.e., their implicit leadership theory, ILT), which would then predict followers’ perception of charismatic leadership styles. And, the hypothesized mediation model would be moderated by contextual factors, such as company crisis and history. Planned to use two experiments, 2x2x2 between subjects design, and one survey for the model verification; the scenario manipulation with 320 students’ participation would be used in two experiments and a sample of over 40 leaders (department managers)/over 500 followers would be collected form one large insurance company in Taiwan.
否,無直接識別資料
除檢查有無可識別個人身份資料外,另檢查個案編號是否重複、變項及選項數值說明是否與問卷一致或未被定義,發現前述狀況時,將於確認後協助修改。
追蹤清單
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