科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST-104-2410-H-004-037-SS2
台灣文官調查 IV:公務人員風險偏好、服務動機、與決策類型之關係-建立一個勇於任事的政府
TGBS IV: The Relationship between Public Servants’ Risk Propensity, Service Motivation, and Decision-Making Types – The Path of Establishing a Proactive Government
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
國立政治大學 公共行政學系
Department of Public Administration, National Chengchi University
董祥開
HSIANG-KAI DONG
國立政治大學 公共行政學系
Department of Public Administration, National Chengchi University
董祥開
02-29393091#51146
hkdong@nccu.edu.tw
計畫執行期間起:2015-04-01
計畫執行期間迄:2018-03-31
2016-07-04
2017-09-18
全國公務人力資料庫中「中央及地方行政機關之常任文官」(排除公營事業、公立學校、衛生醫療機構、警察和雇員等人員)
1
001,003
01
文官調查、風險偏好、創新意願、決策類型
bureaucrat survey, risk propensity, innovativeness, decision-making
公部門永業制保障的設計旨在能激發公務人員的公共服務動機,並且在保障公務人員的基礎下,讓公務人員能發揮專業,主動積極為民服務,落實公共利益,但實際的狀況,永業制與公務體系的法令規範,反而限制公務人員的主動任事動機,讓公務人員行為趨於保守,依法行政成為避免犯錯的護身符。然而,公務體系的公務人員是否都是保守者?有趨吉避凶與不願創新特性?故本研究要從人格特質出發,以公務人員的「風險偏好」、「創新意願」作為主要探討變項,並輔以其他如「公共服務動機」、「道德勇氣」、「循證態度」與「揭弊意向」等變項,來探究其與「決策類型(Decision-making type)」間的關聯性。 本研究於2016至2018年間共完成了兩波以我國公務人員作為研究對象之調查,從兩波調查問卷的分析結果可以發現我國公務人員於「風險偏好」變項上的分數平均值為中間偏低,可推論我國公務人員對於「承擔風險」的意願並不高,而於「創新意願」變項上的分數平均值則為中間偏高,且普遍同意無論是在個人或組織(機關)方面,對於創新事務都抱持開放態度,於其他如「循證態度」、「揭弊意向」與「決策類型」等變項上亦有豐富的收穫。此外,近年來探討公部門、公務人員與風險相關的研究已於國外學界蔚為風行,希冀藉由本次研究可以補充我國在這方面研究的不足。
The primary purpose of having the tenure practice in the public sector is to protect the civil servants from policital pressure. In this way, the civil servants’ motivation to serve the public could be increased, and they will be able to make professional judgements based on their knowledge so that the public intersts could be maximized. However, implementing the tenure practice and having a more rigid system in the public sector, in turn, make the civil servants more risk-averse. They are more likely to simply follow the laws and rules instead of trying to actively increase the wellbeing of the people or society. But, little was know about the nature of our civil servants, particularly aobut the attitudes toward risk and unceratianty. Are they more risk-averse than their private counterparts? Are they less willing to change? This study focuses on the personalities and traits of the civil servants and treats the risk propensity, innovative tendency, public service motivation, evidence-base attitude, etc. as the primairy explainatory variables to understand how these variables affect their decision-making process or results. This study conducted two large-scale surveys on current civil servants between 2016 to 2018. We found that our civil servants generally had a lower level of risk propensity. On the other hand, nevertheless, we found that both the civil servants and their agencies were relatively open to innovation. In addition, this study collected information from our civil servants on their attitudes toward evidence-based management, whistle-blowing tendency, and decision-making types. In recent years, studies on civil servant’ risk propensity has become a more popular focus in public administration. We hope that through a systematic study, we could fill the gap between the theory and practice of this issue in our country.
否,無直接識別資料
除檢查有無可識別個人身份資料外,另檢查個案編號是否重複、變項及選項數值說明是否與問卷一致或未被定義,發現前述狀況時,將於確認後協助修改。
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