科技部專題研究計畫主持人
MOST 106-2410-H-235-001 -SSS
詭計或妙計?主動拖延者如何透過社會比較效應以控制情緒及彰顯能力
Trick or trick? How do active procrastinators control emotions and demonstrate their ability through social comparison effects?
科技部
Ministry of Science and Technology
中州科技大學
Chung Chou University of Science and Technology  
李介至
JieZhi Lee
中州科技大學
Chung Chou University of Science and Technology
李介至
0919700147
lje6422@gmail.com
計畫執行期間起:2017-08-01
計畫執行期間迄:2018-07-31
2017-08-01
2018-07-31
滿20歲在學大學生
1
001
01
主動拖延;社會比較效應;能力知覺差距;關係親近
active procrastination;social comparison effects;ability perception differences;close relationships
本研究主要探討主動拖延者如何透過社會比較效應以控制情緒及彰 顯能力,研究參與者為326名大學在學學生,經量表施測及統計分析 後,研究結果顯示:主動拖延者期限因應能力會減少透過向下對比或 向上對比等社會比較效應以維繫拖延情緒,並有助於其學業適應。 調節模型證實主動拖延者能力知覺差異越高時,越傾向具有比較性 的向下對比或向上對比效應。但關係親近對向下對比並不會產生調 節效果,僅對向上對比會造成調節效果。在團體任務分派下,比較 高關係/高能力差異及高關係/低能力差異等二組研究參與者,在向 上認同及向下對比等二類社會比較效應下在自我能力歸因之差異 ,差異考驗僅顯示關高關係/高能力差異組會比高關係/低能力差異 組具有較高之自我能力歸因取向,即在高關係親近團體中,對他人 能力認知差異越大,越傾向採取自我能力歸因。研究結果符合傳統 折扣與擴增原則,主動拖延者相信自我有完成任務的期望及能力 ,心理不確定因素低,因此容易歸因於內在因素,即當知覺自身與 他人能力差距頗大時,如果成就表現不差,正可彰顯自我能力價值。
This study focused on how active procrastinators can control emotions and demonstrate their ability through social comparison effects. The study participants were 326 university students. The results of the study showed that the proactive protractor\'s ability to respond to the situation would reduce the social comparison effect to maintain procrastination and contribute to their academic adaptation. The adjustment model confirmed that the higher the difference in the perceived probabilities of the procrastinators, the more likely they were to have a comparative downward contrast or upward contrast effect. Under the group task assignment, in the high-affinity close group, the greater the difference in cognition of others\' ability, the more inclined to adopt self-ability attribution. The research results revealed active procrastinators had the self-expectation and ability to complete tasks, and attributed to internal factors usually.
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