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E89102
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工作貧窮與社會救助的關係
The Relationship between the Working Poor and Public Assistance
1.鄭麗珍
1.Li-chen Cheng
1.國立臺灣大學社會學系
1.Department of Sociology, National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學社會學系
1.Department of Sociology, National Taiwan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2000-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2001-10-31
A.16 收到日期:2002-05-17
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台灣北、中、南、東不同都市發展程度區域,有工作能力的低收入家戶。

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C.2 聯絡日期:2002-05-22
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1.國立臺灣大學社會學系
1.Department of Sociology, National Taiwan University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2004-11-01
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1.工作貧窮
2.社會救助
1.Social Assistance
2.Working Poor
我 國反貧窮的政策主要的依據是社會救助法,由於採取嚴苛的貧窮線測量,傳統接受社會救助的低收入戶人口,主要以老幼殘疾者為其組成骨幹。然而,隨著就業與勞 動市場結構的改變,有工作能力的低收入戶人口比例逐漸上昇,已引起相當的注意。本研究的目的是探索工作貧窮與社會救助間的關係,特別是比較工作貧窮的低收 入戶與甫經濟自立家戶,在家戶特性、工作類型及福利需求三方面的差異性,探討我國社會救助體系在協助工作貧窮家戶的有效性。 本研究採用問卷訪問方法,以一結構式的問卷訪問居住在台灣北、中、南、東四個不同都市發展程度區域的有工作能力低收入家戶,並配合深度訪談各縣市政府承辦 社會救助業務之工作人員,以瞭解目前政府有關工作貧窮的福利措施。本研究抽樣四區共計271戶,列冊低收入戶153戶,註銷家戶118戶。根據資料分析結 果發現,各縣市政府承辦業務的人員在執行社會救助業務時,擔任「守門人」的角色較之於「救貧者」角色為多,約聘的社會工作人員雖有從事低收入戶輔導業務, 但仍須分擔其他社會福利業務,因而無法專心致力於貧戶輔導。同時,低收入戶的問卷調查資料顯示,列冊低收入戶和甫於去年才註銷的家戶在家戶戶長的教育程 度、性別、健康狀況、就業與否等個人特質方面並無差異,但在家戶的家庭組成、依賴人口比率與福利需求方面有明顯的不同。根據本研究的成果,針對未來相關的 反貧窮計劃決策及社會救助政策的修定提出相關建議。

Social Assistance Act has been the main policy in responding poverty and related issues. Due to its strict poverty measure, the old poor were composed of the old, the sick, the young, and the disabled. However, globalization changes the structure of labor market, more and more working poor depend on public aid to support their families. The old system faces the new challenge in getting the working poor out of poverty in a short period of time to avoid the concerns for family breakup, work disincentives, and welfare dependency as a result of welfare use. The study interviewed administrators about the model of social assistance in an in-depth way, who was in charge of means tested and funding in the local government. Moreover, one hundred and fifty-three registered low-income families and 118 families who just exit out of public assistance last year. The study compared the personal attributes, familial characteristics, employment status, and welfare needs between these two family types. Results indicated that a significant difference was found in familial characteristics between there two types of families, not their individual attributes and employment status. Families were able to exit out of public assistance not through working but through the increase in the number of adult children and their contribution to the family expending share. Implications of anti-poverty policies and programs are included.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2003-12-03
D.17 預定釋出日期:2004-11-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2004-11-03
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2004-11-03
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E89102-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E89102
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