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E87015
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犯罪嫌疑中矛盾因素之研究
A Study of Contradictory Factor Analysis for Successful Criminal Investigation
1.林吉鶴
1.Chi-ho Lin
1.中央警察大學刑事警察系
1.Department of Criminal Investigation, Central Police University
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1.中央警察大學刑事警察系
1.Department of Criminal Investigation, Central Police University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1997-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1998-07-31
A.16 收到日期:1998-11-27
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C.2 聯絡日期:0000-00-00
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1.中央警察大學刑事警察系
1.Department of Criminal Investigation, Central Police University
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C.7 資料公開日期:1998-08-01
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1.犯罪偵查
2.矛盾因素
3.因素分析
4.偵查方法
5.專家系統
1.Contradictory Factor
2.Criminal Investigation
3.Expert System
4.Factor Analysis
5.Investigative Method
各 種犯罪偵查方法,皆是以邏輯推理為基礎而發展者。本文中擬透過犯罪嫌疑的矛盾因素分析,運用電腦進行資料整合,期能研擬一套有效方法,提升偵查效果。犯罪 者隨著時代演進,手法及思維趨複雜精細,相對地,警察對於找出犯罪者破綻的能力亦應迅速提升。而犯罪嫌疑之行為或現象隨時空不同而有差異,此時有賴於司法 警察官或司法警察依據其特殊知識或經驗作合理推定,其主要基礎則為矛盾因素之分析。 據此,本研究之主要目的有四:一、由矛盾因素建構破案契機;二、由矛盾因素精進偵查思維的敏感度;三、由矛盾因素之多層次分析,提高偵查成功率;四、由矛 盾因素專家系統之應用,以立於偵查優勢。 在研究方法上,包括:一、文獻探討法;二、個案研究法;三、專家系統分析法。在研究過程上,包括調查部分與電腦部分。而本研究之預期成果有:一、發現刑案 過程中的矛盾因素:透過系統性訪談有經驗之偵查人員及鑑識人員,以及竊盜案件的個案分析,取得矛盾因素之相關資料。二、研究面對矛盾因素之偵查方法:分從 觀察、推理、運用等角度探討偵查方法。三、專家系統之運用:將過去案例,予以專家系統規則化。

All the criminal investigation techniques are based on logic theory. This article is aimed to develop an effective theory and to enhance the investigation techniques through the analysis of contradictory factors in criminal suspects, and through the application of computer in the integration of the information. Crimes evolve with time. Their methods and thoughts are becoming complication and sophistication. At the same time, the police should enhance their abilities to find the holes of the criminal cases. However, the behavior and phenomenon of the criminal suspects are quite different from before. Under this circumstance, it depends very much on the know-how and experience of the police to come to a reasonable presumption. This is based on the analysis of contradictory factors. There are four purposes for the research: (1) To solve the crimes through the construction of contradictory factors. (2) To enhance the sensitivity of the detectives with the contradictory factors. (3) To increase the solvability rate of the criminal investigation through the analysis of contradictory factors. (4) To achieve a superior investigation through the application of Expert System. The methods of the research include: (1) History Study; (2) Case Study; (3) Expert System Analysis. The process of the research is divided into two parts, which include: (1) Investigation: The research try to gather all the contradictory factors by interviewing the well-experienced detectives to made a model management index for contradictory factors. Those who were interviewed included the police in the field of criminal affairs and identification. 2. Computer: This part of study is divided into three stages as follows. (1) Stage 1. Information Requirement Analysis: This stage includes the research on relevant theories, the classification of information, and the selection of necessary material concerning contradictory factors. (2) Stage 2. System Establishment: This Stage will try to establish an Expert System called "analysis and suggestion function" by using the classified materials. (3) Stage 3. System Test, Amendment, and Application: This stage will test the system with the relevant material derived from contradictory factor, and explain how the Expert System provides direction for investigation. The expectations of the research include the four points as follows: (1) To find out the contradictory factor in the criminal cases, and to get the relevant information through systematically interviewing the well-experienced detectives and identification experts, and through the analysis of the burglary cases. (2) To study the techniques of detection by contradictory factors. (3) To prove the feasibility, by the comparison between the relevant information and cases.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:1999-02-12
D.17 預定釋出日期:1999-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:1999-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:1999-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E87015-1
追蹤清單
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