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C00031
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石化工廠工人的風險知覺與風險的價值評估
Worker Risk Perception and Risk Valuation
1.劉錦添
1.Jin-tan Liu
1.國立臺灣大學經濟學系
1.Department of Economics, National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學經濟學系
1.Department of Economics, National Taiwan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):1994-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):1995-07-31
A.16 收到日期:0000-00-00
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石化工廠工人

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602

602
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C.2 聯絡日期:1995-11-28
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1.國立臺灣大學經濟學系
1.Department of Economics, National Taiwan University
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C.7 資料公開日期:0000-00-00
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008
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1.風險知覺
2.風險貼水
3.特徵性工資模型
4.假設性市場價值評估法
1.Contingent Valuation Method
2.Hedonic Wage Model
3.Risk Perception
4.Risk Premium
本文係利用作者對林園與大社石化工廠工人的實地調查資料,分析特徵性工資函數中工資風險貼水、生命價值與傷殘價值。本文的工作風險指標係由受訪者主觀判斷的風險知覺變數,包括死亡風險與傷殘風險兩個指標。另外,我們亦探討風險知覺和未來工作意願的關係。實證結果發現台灣的石化工廠工資結構中並沒有明顯地工資貼水的現象,工人心目中較危險的工作,並未明顯地要求較高的工資報酬,但卻明顯地反映在未來工作動向。換言之,工作風險較高的工人,未來一年更換工作的意願明顯地提高。若不考慮工資函數中風險係數是否具有統計上的顯著性,我們仍可估計出統計上生命價值與傷殘價值,其中前者為新台幣1億6千萬元,而後者為59萬元。

The fundamental compensation mechanism in implicit markets for job hazards is the compensating risk differential, whereby workers receive higher wages for exposure to higher job risks. In a adaptive job choice model, workers will quit their jobs in which the risks are too great unless they are rewarded sufficiently for remaining. The paper reports marginal value of safety estimates based on a new data collected from a personal interview of petrochemical workers. The sample consisted of 602 employees. An important feature of this survey is that it directly measures respondent's perceived risks of accidental death and injury on the job. Hedonic wage results indicate that the perceived risk variables were not statistically significant at the conventional levels, although they had the expected positive signs. Disregarding the low t-statistic, these coefficients imply a marginal value of life of NT$ 160,000,000, and marginal value of injury of NT$ 590,000. Job hazards and other characteristics are pivotal determinants of workers' quit intentions, a result consistent with the analysis in Viscusi(1979). The logit results indicate that a worker will attempt to switch jobs if the views his job as hazardous.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:0000-00-00
D.17 預定釋出日期:1999-09-14
D.18 初次釋出日期:1999-09-14
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:1999-09-14
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-C00031-1
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