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E10212
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運輸永續性與運輸生活品質之評估
Evaluating Transportation Sustainability and Transport Quality of Life
1.蕭再安
1.Tzay-an Shiau
1.國立臺灣海洋大學河海工程學系
1.Department of Harbor and River Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣海洋大學河海工程學系
1.Department of Harbor and River Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University
002
1.科技部
1.Ministry of Science and Technology
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2013-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2014-07-31
2013-09-012013-11-012014-01-012014-02-012014-03-012014-04-01
A.16 收到日期:2014-10-21
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與本研究議題有關之對象,調查地區為台北、高雄

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運輸永續性與運輸生活品質指標建構之問卷:23
運輸永續性與運輸生活品質指標建構之問卷(民):96
運輸永續性與運輸生活品質指標建構之問卷(第2次):59
城際運輸永續性與運輸生活品質指標之主觀衡量問卷(專家):35
城際運輸永續性與運輸生活品質指標之主觀衡量問卷(民):612
城際運輸永續性與運輸生活品質指標之關聯度與權重問卷:18


612
001,002,003,007
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C.2 聯絡日期:2014-10-21
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1.國立臺灣海洋大學河海工程學系
1.Department of Harbor & River Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2016-08-01
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1.運輸永續性
2.運輸生活品質
3.權益關係人分析
4.決策實驗室法
5.網絡分析法
6.D-S 理論
1.Transport Sustainability
2.Transport Quality of Life
3.Stakeholder Analysis
4.Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory
5.DEMATEL
6.Analytic Network Process
7.ANP
8.Dempster-Shafer Theory
9.DST
運具移轉是提升運輸永續性的有效方法;本研究擬建立以運具為基礎之運輸永續性與運輸生活品質指標系統;此套指標系統可做為研擬改善策略的依據。短期改善策略將著重在能夠同時提升運輸永續性與運輸生活品質的方案,長期改善策略則是進一步考量可提升運輸永續性,而民眾不認為可提升運輸生活品質的方案。
本研究分為二年期計畫進行探討,第一年計畫針對城際旅客運輸,第二年計畫針對都市旅客運輸進行研究。應用研究方法包括權益關係人分析(Stakeholder analysis) 、結合決策實驗室法(Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory,DEMATEL) 與網絡分析法(Analytic Network Process, ANP),簡稱DANP、以及D-S理論(Dempster-Shafer Theory, DST)。
以台北至高雄的城際旅客運輸為案例,分析結果顯示,無論從運輸永續性或運輸生活品質來評估,大眾運輸皆優於私人運輸,且軌道運輸具有絕對優勢。因此「鼓勵使用大眾運輸、抑制私人運具使用」之運輸政策對於城際旅客運輸而言,不僅具有正當性(永續性觀點),同時也具有可行性(生活品質觀點)。
本研究另一個重要成果是找到運輸永續性與運輸生活品質的共同指標,包括負擔能力、城際運輸基礎建設的妥適性、噪音、CO2排放量、空氣污染排放量、肇事率、路網分佈程度、旅行時間與無障礙運輸普及性。這9個指標可作為擬訂改善策略的依據,俾同時提升運輸永續性與運輸生活品質。

Mode shifting is an effective solution to improve transport sustainability. This study attempts to develop an indicator system for measuring mode-based transport sustainability and transport quality of life, and the results provided a basis for evaluating the proposed improvement solutions. The common parts between the transport sustainability indicators and the transport quality of life indicators were planned to guide the evaluation of improving strategies in the short run. These strategies are expected not only to improve transport sustainability, but also can enhance transport quality of life. The strategies, which can improve transport sustainability, but are recognized to be unrelated to transport quality of life, are evaluated to implement in the long run.
The first year of this study focuses on evaluating the transport sustainability and the transport quality of life regarding intercity passenger transportation. The second year of this study focuses on evaluating the transport sustainability and the transport quality of life regarding intra-city passenger transportation. The approaches, including stakeholder analysis, decision making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) incorporates analytic network process (ANP), which is termed as DANP, and Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) are used to analyze the indicator systems.
A case study of intercity passenger transportation from Taipei to Kaohsiung was illustrated. The results show that public transportation modes have comparative advantage regarding transport sustainability and the transport quality of life, particularly for rail transportation modes. Therefore, the policies to enhance the use of public transportation modes and reduce the use of private cars were proved to have justifiability (the viewpoint of transport sustainability) and feasibility (the viewpoint of transport quality of life).
The common parts between the transport sustainability indicators and the transport quality of life indicators are also important results to guide the initiation of improving strategies. Nine common indicators were found, including affordability, intercity transport infrastructure, noise, CO2 emissions, air pollution, accident rate, network structure, travel time and universal design.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2018-11-08
D.17 預定釋出日期:2018-11-23
D.18 初次釋出日期:2018-11-23
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2018-11-23
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E10212-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E10212
蕭再安(2018)。運輸永續性與運輸生活品質之評估(E10212)【原始數據】。取自中央研究院人文社會科學研究中心調查研究專題中心學術調查研究資料庫。doi:10.6141/TW-SRDA-E10212-1

Tzay-An Shiau (2018). Evaluating Transportation Sustainability and Transport Quality of Life. (E10212) [Data file]. Available from Survey Research Data Archive, Academia Sinica. doi:10.6141/TW-SRDA-E10212-1

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