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E98049
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運用休閒教育舒緩老人生活壓力之研究
The Effect of a Leisure Education Program on Stress among Older Adults
1.張樑治
1.Liang-chih Chang
1.國立空中大學生活科學系
1.Department of Living Science, National Open University
001,002,003,004
1.國立空中大學生活科學系
1.Department of Living Science, National Open University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2009-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2012-07-31
2009-08-012010-07-31
A.16 收到日期:2012-11-01
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全基隆市65歲以上之老人

1

第一年資料:256人 第二年資料(控制組):29人 第二年資料(實驗組):30人 第三年資料:30人


256
001
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2012-11-06
2
1.國立空中大學生活科學系
1.Department of Living Science, National Open University
1
3年後

C.7 資料公開日期:2015-08-01
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1.休閒自主
2.休閒勝任
3.休閒社會支持
1.Leisure Autonomy
2.Leisure Competence
3.Leisure Social Support
 此論文由三個研究報告集結而成。研究一試圖使用休閒自主與休閒社會支持作為控制變項,探討老人休閒勝任與壓力之關係。為探討此關係,研究者使用休閒自 主、休閒勝任、休閒社會支持以及壓力量表調查256位基隆市老人,然後採取迴歸分析,解析這些資料。研究結果指出,休閒勝任與壓力顯著負相關。在研究二 中,研究者進一步採用實驗法,探討休閒勝任對於壓力之影響。研究者採取勝任取向的休閒教育方案作為實驗介入,然後隨機分派30位受試者至實驗組參與此方 案,同時也分派29位受試者至控制組(無任何介入),之後使用共變數分析,探討實驗組與控制組受試者在實驗前後的壓力是否顯著改變。研究結果顯示,實驗組 受試者的壓力顯著低於控制組受試者之壓力。然而,在研究三中,研究者並未發現勝任取向的休閒教育方案具有長期減輕壓力的功效。最後,研究者進一步討論以上 結果之意涵。

This paper consists of three studies. Study 1 examined the relationship between leisure competence and stress among older adults after controlling for leisure autonomy and leisure social support. Two hundred fifty-six older adults living in Keelung City were selected as participants. Data were collected by a face-to-face questionnaire survey which included measures of leisure autonomy, leisure competence, leisure social support, and stress scales. The data were analyzed using a regression analysis. The results showed that leisure competence was significantly negatively related to stress. In study 2, a pretest-posttest randomized experimental design was conducted to determine the effect of leisure competence on stress. A competence-based leisure education program was used as the intervention. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the experimental (n = 30) or control group (n = 29). Before this experiment was carried out, pretest data were collected by the stress scale mentioned previously. Posttest data were collected by the same scale after the experiment. The pretest and posttest data were analyzed using an analysis of covariance. The results showed that the average stress scores of the subjects in the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the subjects in the control group. However, study 3 did not confirm that the program had a long benefit to stress reduction among the subjects. Implications of the results are discussed.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2013-01-14
D.17 預定釋出日期:2016-05-10
D.18 初次釋出日期:2016-05-10
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2016-05-10
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E98049-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E98049
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