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E98045
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成長或發展?社區能力與社區生活品質之研究
Growth or Development? A Study on Community Capacity and Community Life Quality
1.黃源協
1.Yuan-shie Hwang
1.國立暨南國際大學
1.National Chi Nan University
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1.國立暨南國際大學
1.National Chi Nan University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2009-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2011-07-31
2010-09-132010-11-302011-06-012011-07-20
A.16 收到日期:2012-01-06
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台灣地區(不含外島、離島)立案之社區發展協會

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預試339份 1 正式301份


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C.2 聯絡日期:2012-01-06
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1.國立暨南國際大學
1.National Chi Nan University
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自計畫執行結束日期起二年後公開

C.7 資料公開日期:2013-08-01
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1.社區能力
2.社區生活品質
3.個人生活品質
4.社區發展協會
1.Community capacity
2.Community life quality
3.Personal life quality
4.Community Development Association
本研究旨在建構社區能力與社區生活品質量表,並依據所建構的量表,對台灣640位社區發展協會的領導者施測,以瞭解台灣社區之社區能力與社區生活品質的狀況,並依據研究結果提出促進社區能力與社區生活品質的相關建議。

編製完成之「社區能力量表」包括靜態與動態社區能力兩種類型,靜態能力有52個題項,並區分為五個面向,包括社會資本(關係力)、人力資本(人資力)、財 物資本(財物力)、環境/生態資本(環境力)、以及文化資本(文化力);動態能力有40個題項,並區分為四個面向,包括社區參與(參與力)、網絡連結(連 結力)、領導者/權的發展(領導力)、以及社區組織的發展與操作(組織力)。

編製完成之「社區生活品質」包括客觀、主觀及個人生活品質等三類。客觀社區生活品質有44個題項,區分為四個面向,包括公共參與、人文教育、經濟發展、及 居住環境;主觀社區生活品質有27個題項,區分為社區參與、社區關係、以及社區環境三個面向;個人社區生活品質有12個題項,僅有個人生活一個面向。

「社區能力量表」與「社區生活品質量表」施測結果顯示,在社區能力方面,台灣社區之動態能力的表現高於靜態能力;靜態能力的五個面向中,以關係力的表現最 佳,人資力次之,文化力相對較弱;動態能力的四個面向中,以領導力表現最佳、組織力次之,參與力與連結力相對較弱。在社區生活品質方面,個人生活品質高於 客觀和主觀社區生活品質,且主觀社區生活品質相對上高於客觀社區生活品質;客觀社區生活品質的四個面向中,以公共參與表現最佳,人文教育次之,經濟發展表 現相對較弱;主觀社區生活品質的三個面向中,以社區參與表現最佳、社區關係次之,社區環境表現相對較弱。

就社區能力、社區生活品質與個人生活品質三者之間的關係而言,無論是靜態社區能力或動態社區能力的各個面向,皆與主、客觀社區生活品質與個人生活品質有顯著關聯性,彼此之間可能存在著良性循環效果。

本研究依研究發現與討論的結果,提出七項有助於社區能力與社區生活品質的相關建議:(1)以發掘社區優勢/資產介入社區經營;(2)以開發社區志工厚植社 區能力;(3)以提昇社區連結力建立夥伴關係;(4)以鼓勵社區活動提昇社區能力與社區生活品質;(5)以設置專職人力活絡社區功能;(6)以發展鄉村產 業縮短城鄉落差;以及(7)以發揮社區能力與社區生活品質的良性循環帶動社區發展。

This study aims to create native scales for measuring community capacity and community life quality. To comprehend the conditions of community capacity and community life quality, 640 leaders of Community Development Association are sampled to answer the questionnaires. According to research outcomes and discussion, suggestions related to promote community capacity and community life quality are proposed. The completed ‘community capacity scale’ are classified into static community capacity and dynamic community capacity. The static one includes 52 items and further divided into five dimensions – social capital/relationship force, human capital/human resource force, physical capital/economic & construction force, environmental & ecological capital/environment force, and cultural capital/cultural force. The dynamic one includes 40 items and further divided into four dimensions – community participation

articipation force, networking/networking force, leadership development/leadership force, and development and operation of community organization/organization force. The completed ‘community life quality scale’ are categorized into objective, subjective and personal community life quality. The objective one includes 44 items and further divided into four dimensions – public participation, humanities education, economic development, and resident environment. The subjective one includes 27 items and further divided into three dimensions – community participation, community relationship and community environment. The personal one includes 12 items and only one dimension – personal life. The measure outcome of community capacity scale and community life quality scale shows as follows. In community capacity aspect, the dynamic capacity is superior to the static one. Among the five dimensions of static capacity, the relationship force is the best, and the human resource force is second. The cultural force is relative weak. Among the four dimensions of dynamic capacity, the leadership force is the best, and followed by organization force. The participation force and the networking force are relative weak. In community life quality aspect, personal life quality is better than objective and subjective life quality, and subjective one is better than objective. Among the four dimensions of objective life quality, the best is public participation, and followed by humanities education. The economic development is relative weak. Among the three dimensions of subjective life quality, the best is the community participation, and followed by community relationship. The community environment is relative weak. In terms of relationships between community capacity, community life quality and personal life quality, no matter any dimensions of static or dynamic capacity, there are significant relationships with subjective, objective and personal life quality. Each other variables may have virtuous circle effect. According to findings and discussions, seven suggestions related to promote community capacity and community life quality are proposed including: (1) to intervene community business by discovering community strengths or assets, (2) to nurture community capacity through developing community volunteers, (3) to establish partnership by promoting community networking force, (4) to increase community capacity and community life quality through encouraging community activities, (5) to activate community function by setting up full-time staff, (6) to close the gap between city-village by developing industry, and (7) to bring up community development by elaborate virtuous circle effect of community capacity and community life quality.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2012-07-23
D.17 預定釋出日期:2013-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2013-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2013-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E98045-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E98045
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