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E98038
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016
台灣與紐西蘭震災整備模式之跨文化比較
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Earthquake Preparedness Models in Taiwan and New Zealand
1.張麗珠
1.Li-ju Jang
1.中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系
1.School of Medical Sociology and Social Work, Chung Shan Medical University
001,002,003,004
1.中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系
1.School of Medical Sociology and Social Work, Chung Shan Medical University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2009-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2010-07-31
2009-08-012010-09-30
A.16 收到日期:2011-01-06
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台中縣東勢鎮的成年居民(20歲及以上)

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1023


1023
001
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2011-01-07
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1.中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系
1.School of Medical Sociology and Social Work, Chung Shan Medical University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2011-01-10
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001
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1.正向預期效果
2.災防整備意願
3.災害整備
1.Disaster Preparedness
2.Intention
3.Posstive Outcome Expectancy
本研究目的在於分析兩國之間影響人們震災整備因素與應變過程的相稱程度,並藉以建構一套跨文化且理論與實務並重的天然災害整備模式。假如跨文化比較的相稱性 成立,則個人主義文化國家和集體主義文化國家可參考套用彼此的危機管理模式。這個模式認為人們對預期結果的信念會影響他們災害整備的決定。此研究假設,如 果人們持有負向的預期結果信念,則他們不會參與災害整備;如果人們持有正向的預期結果信念,則他們將參與災害整備;或者,就算他們沒有所需的資訊,也會尋 求協助,明確地表達他們的需求與期待;如果社區內的既有資源無法滿足他們的需求,則社區團體對資訊來源的信賴程度將影響他們參與災害整備的意圖,這可預測 社區居民對政府單位的信任程度,進而預測參與災害整備的意圖。此研究將採單階群集選取樣本,以問卷方式來進行資料蒐集,AMOS 結構模式軟體將用來分析資料與測試假設模式。十位參與者將接受深度訪談,以更進一步了解社區居民決定參與災害整備以提升震災韌性的過程與能力,訪談將依方 法目的鏈理論的原則來進行,階梯法則用來深入探索相關資料。

Countries such as Taiwan and New Zealand have long histories of societal development in areas that expose populations to earthquake risk. Cross-cultural comparison, and the analysis of similarities and differences in predictors of earthquake preparedness is of theoretical interest from the viewpoint of identifying the degree to which the processes that underpin how people respond to hazard threats are culturally equivalent. If comparability can be demonstrated, individualist cultures will be able to draw upon expertise gained from work undertaken in collectivist cultures to identify risk management options. The model will be examined for cross-cultural equivalence was developed to examine how person-, community- and societal-level factors interact to predict whether or not people adopt measures capable of increasing their earthquake resilience. The model proposes that people’s decision to prepare reflects the outcome of a sequence of activities. Taking the conservative Taiwanese culture into consideration, a single-stage cluster sampling strategy will be applied for participant recruitment. Data collection will involve using a survey. Ten survey respondents will be interviewed to gain a better understanding of the community processes and competencies that underpin people’s decisions to prepare in ways that increase their earthquake resilience. These data will be used to provide the foundation for specific recommendations for the content and mode of delivery of risk communication strategies for at risk communities. It is expected to develop a theoretically robust and empirically validated model of natural hazard preparedness.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2011-01-18
D.17 預定釋出日期:2011-03-25
D.18 初次釋出日期:2011-03-25
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2011-03-25
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E98038-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E98038
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