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E98025
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016
植物應用於零碳校園營造之策略與效益分析
Strategies and Benefits Analysis on Using Plants to Create Carbon Neutral Schools
1.張莉欣
1.Li-shin Chang
1.逢甲大學建築系
1.Department of Architecture, Feng Chia University
001,002,003,004
1.逢甲大學建築系
1.Department of Architecture, Feng Chia University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2009-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2010-07-31
2009-09-272009-10-13
A.16 收到日期:2010-11-10
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台中市國民小學教師

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C.2 聯絡日期:2010-11-12
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1.逢甲大學建築系
1.Department of Architecture, Feng Chia University
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自計畫執行結束日期二年後公開

C.7 資料公開日期:2012-08-01
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1.碳中和
2.碳中和學校
3.碳足跡
4.綠化策略
1.Carbon Footprint
2.Carbon Neutral
3.Carbon Neutral School
4.Greening Strategy
 本研究以零碳校園為營造目標,以碳中和的觀點,探討校園的碳足跡與校園植物固定二氧化碳量是否可以達到碳中和,及配合植物綠化策略導入來協助達到碳中和 的目標,並探討各種綠化策略的可行性與效益。以現地調查法與訪談法進行學校碳足跡與植物固碳之資料收集,並分析學校之碳中和情形,另以問卷調查法了解教師 對於各種綠化策略之可行性與效益認知情形。結果顯示,台中縣國小每人的碳足跡大於台中市的師生每人的碳足跡,而若以每平方公尺校地的二氧化碳排放量來看, 台中縣的國小每單位校地面積之二氧化碳排放量遠小於台中市的國小;分析台中縣市國小的碳中和情形可發現,在比較屬於農村地帶之都市計劃區之台中縣國小校園 其碳中和達成情形可以達到100%,相對位於台中市的學校則僅有25 %的學校達成碳中和。當導入屋頂、建築物立面與校園圍牆等綠化策略發現,約有五分之一的學校可以轉為碳中和。問卷結果顯示:以薄層式屋頂綠化種植草花與景 天科植物的綠化方式,或圍牆部分採取複層植栽的形式,受測者認為維管性與安全性高,另外生態、美質與教育方面的效益也可期。建築物立面垂直綠化部分則以外 加支架與種植草花、小灌木的建物牆面綠化被受測者認為有最佳的維管性與安全性。

In terms of carbon neutral the goal of the research is to create zero carbon school ground through offset school carbon emission by plants carbon fixation process. How to apply greening strategies to achieve carbon neutral, how could those strategies possibly be applied, and how their feasibilities are, would be worth of discussion. In the research, 16 elementary schools located at Taichung City and Taichung County were selected to explore their carbon footprint and carbon fixation by plants in campus. The site survey and interview were undertaken to collect the data for carbon neutral analysis. The questionnaire for school teachers was designed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of different green strategies. The results showed that average carbon foot prints per person of Taichung County elementary schools were greater than those in Taichung City. However, the average carbon emission per square meter of school ground in Taichung County was much less than those in Taichung City. Regarding the carbon neutral, 100 percent of schools in Taichung County have reached carbon neutral status, comparing to schools in Taichung City, they were only 25% achieved. In the cases studied, one fifth schools could become carbon neutral if they apply greening strategies, includes roof, building vertical wall and school wall greening. The results of questionnaire survey show that thin layers roof greening with grass or succulent plants and using multiple layering planting for school walls have higher feasibility. The greening strategies could increase ecological, aesthetic and educational values. Vertical greening with supporting structure and flowers and shrubs for building wall and school wall were regarding to be easily maintained and has high safety value.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2011-03-17
D.17 預定釋出日期:2012-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2012-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2012-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E98025-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E98025
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