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E97034
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父母親的角色楷模與運動熱情對兒童參與身體活動的影響
Parents\' Passion and Role Modeling Effects on Children\'s Participation in Physical Activities
1.廖主民
1.Chu-min Liao
1.國立體育大學體育研究所
1.Graduate School of Physical Education, National Taiwan Sport University
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1.國立體育大學體育研究所
1.Graduate School of Physical Education, National Taiwan Sport University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2008-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2009-10-31
A.16 收到日期:2010-01-29
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台灣地區有5及6年級小學兒童的家庭

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C.2 聯絡日期:2010-02-24
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1.國立體育大學體育研究所
1.Graduate School of Physical Education, National Taiwan Sport University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2009-11-01
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1.父母
2.兒童
3.運動
4.熱情
1.Children
2.Parents
3.Passion
4.Physical Activity
 本研究的主要目的在於以父母的運動熱情為基礎來探討「父母社會化模式」中父母作為角色楷模的機制。本研究檢驗父母的運動熱情是否能預測兒童的運動期望價 值信念與運動參與程度。研究對象包括498位國小五及六年級學童(年齡M= 11.63, SD= 0.79歲)及其父母。測量的變項包括父母的調和式熱情與強迫式熱情,兒童的身體活動量、運動頻率、能力期望、需求努力、失敗代價、重要他人期望代價及工 作價值。標準多元迴歸分析結果顯示,只有父母對運動的調和式熱情對兒童的運動頻率、能力期望、工作價值有顯著的預測力,但是調和式熱情與強迫式熱情對兒童 的身體活動量、需求努力、失敗代價、重要他人期望代價都沒有顯著的預測力。本研究顯示父母對於運動有越高的調和式熱情,則其子女越會經常去運動,子女對自 己的運動能力越有信心,子女也會覺得運動的價值越高。顯然父母不僅本身要多參與運動,作為子女的模仿對象,也要伴隨正向的情感,讓子女感受到父母運動時的 喜悅。

The purpose of this research was to examine the process by which parents influence children’s beliefs and behaviors in sport participation through the mechanism of parent as role models by using parents’ passion in sport. The prediction of parents’ passion of children’s expectancy and value beliefs as well as sport participation was examined. Four hundred and ninety-eight families from Taiwan with children of 5 or 6 grades volunteered to participate in this study. Parents’ harmonious passion and obsessive passion as well as children’s expectancy and value beliefs in sport, intensity and frequency of physical activities, were measured. A series of standard multiple regressions showed that parents’ harmonious passion was the only predictor of children’s frequency, competence expectancy, and task value in physical activities. No other significant predictions were found. It seems that, according to the findings, parents with a higher level of harmonious passion in sport, their children will have higher confidence is sport, have higher value toward sport participation, and most importantly, will participate in sport more often.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2010-05-18
D.17 預定釋出日期:2009-11-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2010-06-28
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2010-06-28
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E97033-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E97034
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