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E97020
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青少年體重狀態和心理健康、人際互動、學校生活、生活品質之關連性和調節與中介因子分析:一追蹤研究
The Association Between Body Weight Status and Mental Health, Peer Interaction, School Lives, and Quality of Life and the Moderating and Mediating Factors in Adolescents: A Follow-up Study
1.顏正芳
1.Cheng-fang Yen
1.高雄醫學大學醫學系精神科
1.Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University
001,002,003,004
1.高雄醫學大學精神科
1.Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2008-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2009-07-31
2008-09-012009-01-31
A.16 收到日期:2009-10-23
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南台灣的國、高中職學校一年級至三年級學生

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6445


6445
004
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2009-10-26
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1.高雄醫學大學醫學系精神科
1.Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2014-08-01
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1.青少年
2.肥胖
3.過重
4.體重狀態
5.憂鬱
6.人際互動
7.學校生活
8.生活品質
1.Adolescent
2.Body Weight
3.Overweight
4.Obesity
5.Depression
6.Mental Health
7.Peer Interaction
8.School Life
9.Quality of Life
本研究的目的調查南台灣青少年各種體重狀態與和心理健康、人際互動、學校生活、生活品質之關連性。共有6445 位國高中職學生完成體重狀態的相關問題,並以自填問卷搜集其憂鬱、自殺危險性、自尊、遭受霸凌經驗、學校連結程度、生活品質等因子,依據 International Obesity Task Force(IOTF)所發展青少年體重狀態標準,將研究個案分為一般體重、過輕、過重和肥胖等四個體重狀態等級,以正常體重組為對照組,以 logistic regression analysis 和multiple regression analysis 分析體重過輕、過重、肥胖與自殺危險性、憂鬱、低自尊、遭受霸凌、學校連結程度和生活品質之間的關連性。結果顯示:體重過輕組和體重正常組之間並無自殺、 憂鬱、低自尊、遭受霸凌、學校連結度和生活品質的顯著差異。與正常體重組作比較,體重過重組具有較高的自殺、憂鬱、低自尊、遭受霸凌的危險性,肥胖組則具 有較高的遭受霸凌危險性。生活品質方面,體重過重組在除了身體外貌外的各項生活品質皆較正常體重組顯著較低,肥胖組則在疼痛以外的各項生活品質皆較低。肥 胖組比正常體重組有較高的學校連結程度。

The aims of this study was to examine the associations of body weight status with mental health, peer interaction, school lives, and quality of life in adolescents living in southern Taiwan. We recruited 6445 junior high and senior high/vocational school students into this study by usingthe stratified random sampling procedure. Their body weight status, demographic characteristics and the data of depression, suicidality, self-esteem, the experience of being bullied, affinity to school and quality of life were collected by the self-reported questionnaires. The associations between body weight status and health indicators were examined by using logistic regression analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results indicated that no difference in depression, suicidality, self-esteem, the experience of being bullied, affinity to school and quality of life was found between underweight and normal-ranged adolescents. Compared with those with normal-range body weight status, overweight adolescents had higher risks of depression, suicidality, low self-esteem and being bullied, as well as obese adolescents had a higher risk of being bullied. Meanwhile, compared with those with normal-range body weight status, overweight adolescents had poorer quality of life in every dimension of the Taiwanese Quality of Life Questionnaire for Adolescents (TQOLQA) except for in the dimension of physical appearance, as well as obese adolescents had poorer quality of life in every dimension of the TQOLQA except for in the dimension of pain. Obese adolescents had higher level of affinity to school than those with normal-range body weight status.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2011-05-09
D.17 預定釋出日期:2014-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2014-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2014-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E97020-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E97020
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