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E96061
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014
運用行為者基礎模擬模型探討景觀空間中使用者行為之可行性研究
Study on the Feasibility of Using Agent-based Model to Explore User\'s Behavior in Landscape Space
1.林晏州
1.Yann-jou Lin
1.國立臺灣大學
1.National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學
1.National Taiwan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2007-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2010-07-31
2009-11-102010-01-17
A.16 收到日期:2010-08-13
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陽明山國家公園全體造訪遊客

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C.2 聯絡日期:2010-08-13
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1.國立臺灣大學
1.National Taiwan University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2012-08-01
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1.NetLogo
2.行為者基礎模型
3.馬可夫鏈
4.移轉機率
5.複雜理論
6.環境心理學
7.環境行為
1.Agent-based Model
2.Complex Theory
3.Environmental Psychology
4.Environment-behavior
5.Markov Chain
6.NetLogo
7.Transition Probability
本研究運用新興研究工具—行為者基礎模型探討不同尺度景觀空間中之使用者行為。本計畫分三年期逐步釐清空間與使用者間之關係。第一年期透過相關文獻回顧行為 者基礎模型在不同領域之應用,選擇臺大校園小福廣場,於假日與非假日進行使用者行為觀察,歸納廣場使用者特性、空間配置對使用者行為之影響,釐清使用者間 之互動關係;第二年期以第一年期歸納之影響因素為基礎,建立適用於不同配置型式之鄰里公園模型,模擬使用者進入較複雜半開放空間的使用行為。以「朱厝崙公 園」為基礎,將模擬結果與現況高使用密度使用者分佈情形進行一致性分析,顯示模擬模型具有良好詮釋現況能力,進一步以「瑠公公園」進行模型驗證,研究結果 證實模型於不同配置型式之鄰里公園仍具良好模擬能力;第三年期則結合前兩年期研究成果,探討大尺度遊憩空間中遊客選擇景點主要考量因素,以「陽明山國家公 園」為研究基地,用馬可夫鏈算出實際遊客於景點間移轉機率,並以行為者基礎模擬模型建構區內遊客移動模式,研究結果證實建構之模擬模型可正確有效預測實際 遊客分派,可提供國家公園經營管理單位作為設計規劃及觀光政策之依據。也證實NetLogo模擬模型確實可應用於不同景觀空間中探討使用者使用行為。

 For environmental designer, it is necessary to deal with the essentials of user\'s behavior. Most studies worked on environmental behavior were conducted by either interview or observation. However, the information might not be sufficient to deal with varied users\' behavior. To investigate users\' behavior within diverse environment, agent-based model was used. Three years were planned to explore the relationship between environment and users\' behavior. To generalize the application of agent-based model, we reviewed related papers extensively in the first year. Hsiao-Fu plaza in the campus of National Taiwan University was chosen to conduct the observation of users\' behavior during week and weekend days. The behavior of users was concluded, as well as the relationship between the behavior and spatial arrangement. In the second year, we used NetLogo to build the neighborhood park users\' behavior model based on the factors affecting the users\' behavior for the park environment, and compare the simulations of the model with Jhu-Cuo-Lun Park which was observed that there was with high use density observed to verify the reliability of the simulations. The results showed that the model could accurately simulate observed users\' behavior. Furthermore, the study verified the model with the Liu-Gong Park, the results showed the model could maintain good reliability of simulation, while applying it in the different sites. In the last year, we utilize Markov chains to analyse the outcome and trend of events associated with spatio-temporal movement patterns of tourists in Yangmingshan National Park, and estimated these transition probabilities from the available trip distribution data. Then we used NetLogo to estabilish the visitors\' movement behavior model. The results obtained showed that this model could accurately predict the movement patterns of tourists in reality. This research will assist park managers in developing better packages for tourists, and will also assist in tracking tourists\' movements using simulation based on the model used. The study also verify that NetLogo is feasible to apply to different kinds of landscape spaces.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2011-03-16
D.17 預定釋出日期:2012-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2012-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2012-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E96061-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E96061
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