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從新都市主義與都市指標系統的觀點,探究永續社區發展的策略:以臺北市北投區為例
A Study of Integrating the Principles of New Urbanism with Urban Development Indicators for Achieving Community Sustainability: Case of the Communities in Beitou District Taipei
1.蔡德一
1.Te-i Albert Tsai
1.中國文化大學景觀學系
1.Department of Landscape Architecture, Chinese Culture University
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1.中國文化大學景觀學系
1.Department of Landscape Architecture, Chinese Culture University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2007-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2009-07-31
2007-10-012009-03-31
A.16 收到日期:2009-11-11
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台北市北投區43個社區發展協會與其會員

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C.2 聯絡日期:2009-11-12
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1.中國文化大學景觀學系
1.Department of Landscape Architecture, Chinese Culture University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2010-08-01
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1.永續都市設計
2.社區民眾參與
3.社區永續發展
4.時間地理學
5.都市永續發展指標
1.Community Participation
2.Sustainable Community Development
3.Sustainable Urban Design
4.Time Geography
5.Urban Sustainable Development Indicators
自工業化之後,經濟與人口的快速成長及科技的進步,引發許多環境議題,如交通阻塞、 空氣污染及日益增加的能源消耗量。為求減輕這些負面影響,專家們提出許多發展策略,例如 「新都市主義」與「以大眾運輸為主導的開發方式」等策略,以減少能源使用和降低交通擁塞 與汙染。而聯合國也在西元1992年提出「21世紀議程」,其中第28章要求全世界51個國家應擬定 地區性21世紀議程,以監測永續發展執行的進度。因應此趨勢,台北市政府從「台北綠色綱要 計劃」的118項資料庫中選出48項指標,作為未來長期規劃監測所使用之永續發展基礎。然而, 這套指標主要建立於都市空間層級,但不一定適用在社區尺度。

為了建立一套適合於社區永續發展的指標系統,本計畫企圖以新都市主義的概念為基礎, 藉由統計分析方法驗證,並結合都市設計理論和時間地理學的考量,探究各指標間因果消長 ﹝trade-off﹞的關係,並透過社區深度訪談與問卷調查,以統計交叉分析選出指標群,建立檢測 都市永續發展。研究發現社區內高樓層建物數愈多,民眾日常生活交通距離愈短,有助於社區 凝聚力的形成,也可促進社區自我管理能力。而鄰里社區離捷運站愈近、每戶人口數愈多,社 區內混合使用程度愈高,社區人口密度愈多,可縮短民眾日常生活交通距離,有助於自給自足 永續社區的發展。

After the Industrialization, economic and population growth and technological advances are able to facilitate quality of life. However, the growth and the advanced in turn result in many environmental issues, such as increasing traffic congestion and air pollution, and rising per capita energy consumption, for us to deal with. To ease these adverse impacts, planners have adapted many development strategies, such as New Urbanism and Transit-oriented development, to save energy usage and to reduce congestion and pollution. Among these, the United Nation in 1992 revealed Agenda 21 and its chapter 28 required more than 51 countries to establish Local Agenda 21 for gauging the sustainable development progress. To respond to this challenge, Taipei city government in year 2000 initiated an urban indicator system based on the 1988’s Urban Indicators Programme to gauge Taipei’s urban sustainability. 48 performance measures were selected from a group of 118 draft indicators based on Taipei Agenda 21. However, this set of indicators was established at city scale and was not totally suitable for applying at the neighborhood scale.

To define a set of indicators for sustainable community development, this study aims to understand the causalities and the trade-off relationships between indicators based on New Urbanist Development Concept, through statistical analyzing and integrating the theories of urban design, time geography, and activity-travel patterns. The selection of indicators is derived from interviewing and questionnaire surveys. Statistical examination of a set of environmental variables based on 17 Beitou’s neighborhoods shows that the more the high-rise buildings above 6 floors, the higher the sense of community, which in turn fosters a “self-organizing” sustainable community. To facilitate a “self-sustaining” community, this study also finds that the closer the distance from transit station, together with the higher the persons per household and the higher the degree of mixing land uses, the shorter of the daily travel distance.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2010-04-26
D.17 預定釋出日期:2010-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2010-08-04
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2010-08-04
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E96052-1
追蹤清單
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