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E96047
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都市生態旅遊系統動態模型之研究
Dynamic Model for Urban Eco-Tourism System
1.王小璘
1.Hsiao-lin Wang
1.朝陽科技大學都市計畫與景觀建築系
1.Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban, Chaoyang University of Technology
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1.朝陽科技大學都市計畫與景觀建築系
1.Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban, Chaoyang University of Technology
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2007-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2009-07-31
2008-08-012008-09-30
A.16 收到日期:2009-10-01
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台灣景觀、遊憩、都市計畫專家學者

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C.2 聯絡日期:2009-10-06
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1.朝陽科技大學都市計畫與景觀建築系
1.Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban, Chaoyang University of Technology
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C.7 資料公開日期:2009-08-01
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1.都市生態旅遊
2.系統動態學
3.陽明山國家公園
4.模糊數建構法
1.Fuzzy Number Construction
2.System Dynamic
3.Urban Ecotourism
4.Yangmingshan National Park
生 態旅遊理念近年來備受國內學術界和各級政府積極推動,冀望透過觀光產業帶動地方發展並兼顧自然生態品質的維護。然而,由於發展與保護兩者的衝突性角色,使 得生態旅遊的推展屢受爭議。因此國際間有都市生態旅遊(urban ecotourism)的提出,期望透過都市旅遊的生態化發展漸進式的朝向生態旅遊目標邁進。考量都市生態旅遊仍屬於模糊的概念,本研究以模糊德爾菲方法 進展的模糊數建構法(Fuzzy number construction),廣泛收集不同領域專家意見,以建構都市生態旅遊的指標因子集。並以陽明山國家公園為例,透過系統動態學建構生態旅遊地與所在 都市間的互動關係。結果顯示,雖然初始階段,生態旅遊地未因為遊客的增加而明顯受創,然而長久而言,如未建立遊憩載量制度,管控遊客數量,勢將對生態旅遊 地帶來浩劫。而伴隨著生態旅遊的推展,都市旅遊人口亦將顯著上升,雖可帶動都市產值,卻大幅增加都市二氧化碳排放。惟此部份可透過都市綠地的增加,予以抑 制增加的幅度。總結來說,都市生態旅遊的推展,可以提供都市旅遊產業的另類選項,在企求都市發展之餘,如能透過適當的政策調節,亦可兼顧生態都市所致力之 方向與目標。

The concept of ecotourism has been promoted by the public in decades, and it is expected to push local development forward while conserves the ecological resources. However, the practical process is full of confliction and contradiction, and makes the development of ecotourism have its argument. That situation presses the emerging of urban ecotourism. Urban ecotourism has tried to make gradual progress to translate urban tourism into ecological form, and all its sponsors argue the contents of ecotourism can rooted in more people’s mind through this way. Considering the concept of urban ecotourism is still obscure, this study introduces the method of Fuzzy number construction, to construct the index of urban ecotourism. Yangmingshan National Park and Taipei city are applied to exam the relationship between both of them through system dynamic method. The result reveals that the ecotourism destination has not destructed obviously while the tourists have been increasing in the early period. But if the policy of recreation carrying capacity has not been built up, the biodiversity will decay soon while the tourists keep on growing. In addition, the number of urban tourists is also increasing while urban ecotourism has been ripe, and that will result more carbon dioxide emissive while economy vigorous. The ecological green lands could reduce the speed of carbon dioxide emission. All in all, urban ecotourism may provide an alternative choice of urban tourism, and correspond to the direction of ecological city.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2010-04-07
D.17 預定釋出日期:2009-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2011-10-26
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2011-10-26
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E96047-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E96047
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