1
3
E96004
3
014
運輸需求管理方案接受度之研究及其對旅運者行為之影響
The Acceptance (Satisfaction) Tendency of TDM Strategies and Their Effects on Travelers\' Behavior
1.周榮昌
1.Rong-chang Jou
1.國立暨南國際大學土木工程學系
1.Department of Civil Engineering, National Chi Nan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立暨南國際大學土木工程學系
1.Department of Civil Engineering, National Chi Nan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2007-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2008-07-31
2007-11-112007-11-13
A.16 收到日期:2008-07-25
2
台北市使用私人運具之用路者

1

309


309
001,004
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2008-07-30
2
1.國立暨南國際大學土木工程學系
1.Department of Civil Engineering, National Chi Nan University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2008-08-01
2
008
2
1
2
1
1
3
3
001,006
1,2
1.多項羅吉特
2.接受(滿意)度
3.排序普羅比
4.運輸需求管理
1.MNL
2.NL Models
3.Ordered Probit
4.Package
5.TDM Policy
 世界各大城市皆因交通壅塞導致社會成本之增加,例如:噪音及環境污染問題。由於土地資源的有限,因此藉由供給之增加來改善上述之問題即顯得不可行。有鑑 於此,透過運輸需求管理(Transportation Demand Management, TDM)之方式來改善交通問題即成為各交通當局較偏好採用之策略。運輸需求管理係透過相關之運輸措施,藉以抑制私人運具、鼓勵大眾運具、並藉由旅次替代及 轉移來減緩都市內尖峰時刻之交通擁擠。TDM方案大致上可以分成兩大類,一種為鼓勵性的方案(carrots),另一種則為抑制性的方案 (sticks),許多研究皆顯示鼓勵性方案之接受度較抑制性方案來的高,不過抑制性方案之實施則較有效率,因而即有學者提出結合兩類型TDM方案之配套 式方案(package),期望能夠藉此更有效率的解決交通擁擠情形。本研究首先探討不同旅次目的下,台北市私人運具用路者對已(未)實施TDM方案之滿 意(接受)度。另一部份則結合鼓勵性及抑制性TDM方案,設計不同之TDM情境組合以分析不同旅次目的下用路者旅運行為之變化(用路者旅次數變化情形、旅 運行為之選擇)。研究中採用排序普羅比模式建立各TDM方案之滿意(接受)度模式,並歸納影響用路者滿意(接受)意向之相關變數。旅運行為選擇模式中則是 比較多項羅吉特模式及巢式羅吉特模式,結果顯示以巢式羅吉特模式較具解釋能力,另外模式中僅旅行時間會影響用路者旅運行為之選擇,旅行成本之影響並不顯 著。

in the past decade, all major cities around the world face various traffic problems caused by the supply shortage of highway infrastructure compared to the overwhelming demand of vehicle growth. it is unlikely to mitigate these problems by constructing new highway systems since the available lands are getting limited. on the other hand, physically increasing the supply in transportation systems would derive more traffic demand, and consequently, these traffic problems may not be improved or resolved, and even get worsened. therefore, managing the traffic demand by using transportation demand management, tdm, to improve traffic problems has been one of the main strategies employed in the major cities around the world. tdm strategies were proposed to promote the use of public transportation, cycling and walking on one hand, and to discourage the use of private transportation on the other hand. some studies (dob, 2005) show that most of the people in taipei metropolitan are private (auto and motorbike) users and the motor vehicles in 2005 increase by 2.07% compared to the ones in 2004. therefore, it is important to propose some tdm strategies including incentive and disincentive to increase the use of public transportation shifted from private users. there are two types of tdm strategies in general, one is incentive strategies, also known as carrots; and the other one is restrain strategies, known as sticks. it is also shown that people are more likely to accept the former, whereas the latter has a better effect. in this study, the tendency of satisfication towards the existing tdm strategies for road users in taipei city, taiwan is investigated. as for the strategies not implemented yet, the tendency of acceptance is also analyzed. finally, a stated choice experiment is carried out to capture the traveler’s choice behavior under different scenarios of tdm strategies. this research will apply ordered probit model and logit model to analyze the satisfaction and acceptability with executed and unexecuted tdm strategies and will compare the similarities and dissimilarities within work, shopping and leisure trips, and discuss the relationship between variables. the results indicate that people are more likely to accept carrots, while sticks are more effective. finally, the estimation results show that nl model is superior to mnl model.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2009-02-18
D.17 預定釋出日期:2009-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2009-08-04
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2009-08-04
1
1
1
2
1,3
10.6141/TW-SRDA-E96004-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E96004
追蹤清單
下載(0)
申請(0)
遠距(0)