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高齡化社會中弱勢老人的易受傷害性與社會排除探討:現象與策略(2/2)第二年:老人社會融入程度問卷
The Vulnerability and Social Exclusion among Different Groups of Disadvantaged Elderly in an Aging Society: Phenomena and Strategies (2/2)
1.謝美娥
1.Mei-o Hsieh
1.國立政治大學社會行政與社會工作研究所
1.Graduate Institute of Social Work, National Chengchi University
001,002,003,004
1.國立政治大學社會行政與社會工作研究所
1.Graduate Institute of Social Work, National Chengchi University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2007-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2009-07-31
2008-12-012009-01-31
A.16 收到日期:2009-07-31
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設籍於台北市,居住社區中,符合台北市社會定義之台北市獨居老人。

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328


328
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C.2 聯絡日期:2009-08-03
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1.國立政治大學社會行政與社會工作研究所
1.Graduate Institute of Social Work, National Chengchi University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2014-08-01
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001
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1.老人
2.社會排除
3.社會融入
4.獨居
1.living alone
2.social exclusion
3.social inclusion
4.the elderly
 本研究的目的為瞭解居住在社區獨居老人之社會排除情形,以及影響其社會排除差異之因素。對象為居住在社區中,設籍台北市,且符合台北市社會局定義之「台 北市獨居老人」,為提高研究的效度,避免受訪者受限於個人身心健康不佳無法融入一般活動的狀況,增加簡易心智量表(SPMSQ)答對8題以上之條件限制。 抽樣係以台北市社會局於民國97年8月列冊之獨居老人為母體,以台北市劃分之十二個行政區為單位,採分層比例抽樣方式進行樣本選取,以各個行政區的獨居老 人人口數以及性別比例進行分層抽樣。本研究抽取樣本共801份,刪除受訪者不符合研究條件限制之有效樣本數為328份。本研究依據英國ELSA社會排除研 究中所使用的指標,將老人社會排除分為七個面向:(一)文化與社交活動參與、(二)公共事務參與、(三)物質資源使用、(四) 鄰里社區融入、(五)服務使用、(六)財務生活融入、以及(七)社會關係。另加入符合國情的題項設計成為社會排除量表。量表原計70題,本研究針對七個面 向分別進行最大變異數轉軸的因素分析,以建構老人的社會排除(融入)更細膩的指標,經刪除題項後,共餘52題,分為12個因素,總量表的內部一致性係數 Cronbach α值為.911。後續分析時係採用加權平均之分數。本研究樣本平均年齡為80.52歲,男性獨居老人多於女性老人(61% vs 39%),有近五成的比例失婚(離婚、喪偶等)。老人的社會排除當中以文化活動和公共事務參與的狀況最為嚴重,反映出獨居老人很少參與公共事務和文化活 動。研究發現老人的部份社會人口屬性與社會排除確實相關,例如性別、教育程度、收入以及子女數等。老人的身心健康對於其社會融入也有顯著的影響,例如憂? 程度、自評健康以及感官活動能力。此外,領有社會補助和居住環境也會影響老人的社會排除。最後,針對獨居老人社會融入的現象提出政策與實務的建議,以增進 獨居老人在社區的融入。

The objectives of this study intended to investigate the phenomena of the social exclusion among the elderly living alone in the community and to examine the factors that affected different exclusions. Survey research with face to face interview was employed. Perceptions and experiences of 328 living alone elderly persons using structured questionnaires were collected.. To screen out the elderly who were incapable of engaging in daily activities due to mental or physical disabilities and to enhance the validity of this study, only those subjects who were cognitively clear (SPMSQ scores more than 8) were included. The researcher constructed items of &The elders* Social Exclusion (inclusion) Scale* according to seven aspects or concepts of the British ELSA study of social exclusion: (1) Cultural and Social Inclusion, (2) Public Affairs Participation, (3) Material Goods Utilization, (4) Neighborhood and Community Inclusion, (5) Services Utilization, (6) Financial Management Inclusion and (7) Social Relationship. Some items were added according to the local situation. The original scales contained 70 items. Item analysis and factor analysis were employed to determine the structure or dimension of each domain. Finally, 52 items with an alpha measure of consistency of .911 were included in the present study. The weighted score of each domain was used for further analyses. The average age of the subjects was 80.52. Males were more than the females (61% vs 39%). About half of the subjects were separated, divorced, or lived in widowhood. The findings showed that the living alone elderly were worst in the cultural and social inclusion, and public affairs participation. Some socio- demographic characteristics such as gender, education, income and number of children were related to overall social inclusion (exclusion). In addition, health, social assistance and living environment were also related to overall social inclusion (exclusion). Accordingly, policy and practice implication were suggested in order to identify the inclusion need of the living alone elderly.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2011-03-22
D.17 預定釋出日期:2014-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2014-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2014-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E96001_1-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E96001_1
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