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幼教師職業取得研究:職業取得變項之調整及相關理論之整合檢證
A Study for Kindergarten Teachers\' Occupational Attainment: Adjusting Variables of Occupational Attainment and Inspecting Relative Theories
1.陳怡靖
1.Yi-gean Chen
1.中華醫事學院幼兒保育系
1.Department of Early Childhood Caring and Education,Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology
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1.中華醫事學院幼兒保育系
1.Department of Early Childhood Caring and Education,Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2006-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2007-07-31
2007-03-102007-05-20
A.16 收到日期:2008-02-01
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台灣地區(不含金門縣與連江縣)已立案之公私立幼稚園教師

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C.2 聯絡日期:2008-02-01
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1.中華醫事學院幼兒保育系
1.Department of Early Childhood Caring and Education,Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology
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C.7 資料公開日期:2015-08-01
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1.人力資本
2.文化資本
3.社會資本
4.職業取得
1.Cultural Capital
2.Human Capital
3.Occupational Attainment
4.Social Capital
 台灣的幼教職場呈現兩極化現象,一些福利好、薪資待遇佳的幼稚園,經常是幼教求職者競爭的目標,尤其以公立幼稚園教職的競爭最為激烈,不過也有些制度不 完善的私立幼稚園,經常面臨要招考老師的窘境。這也導致許多幼教保系畢業生關心的不只是如何找工作,而且是如何找到好的工作。過去幼教領域的相關研究尚未 進行這方面的探討,故本研究歸納有關職業地位取得的研究結果,而以人力資本、文化資本、以及社會資本這三個社會學理論作為依據,希望檢視這三個理論對於幼 教師取得較好教職是否能提供解釋?這包括取得公幼教職以及取得較高薪資之教職。本研究以全國性抽樣資料來進行分析,結果顯示學歷較高、文化資源較高者有利 於取得公幼教職,而且畢業於公立學校幼教保系者也比其他校系者佔優勢。在取得較高薪資教職方面,學歷較高、任教經驗較長、專業證照較多者佔優勢。這顯示人 力資本對於取得公幼教職與較高薪資之教職相當重要,而Bourdieu形式文化則無法提供解釋。至於Lin社會資本,本研究發現透過介紹人的幫忙,並非取 得較好的教職,而往往是進入私立幼稚園,或是到薪資較低的幼稚園任教。這表示對於台灣幼教職場而言,欲取得較好的教職,不需透過介紹人的幫忙,而是要在人 力資本上投資,才是有效的方法。

There is an employment polarity of kindergarten in Taiwan. Some kindergartens that offer a good pay and welfare are the competitive aims usually to job applicants who want to be teachers, especially the public ones. On the contrary, some private and unsystematic kindergartens usually have to face a terrible situation that is to hire employees frequently. Therefore, most of the graduates of early child education/ childcare department not only care about how to find a job, but also how to get a good job. The past studies in early child education field haven’t exposed the issue. For this reason, this study is base on three sociological theories, human capital, cultural capital, social capital, which are generalized by the results of occupational attainment studies. This study will examine whether three sociological theories above can interpret kindergartens’ teachers to get better jobs including to be teachers of public kindergarten and get higher salary. In this study, we analyze data nationwide sampling and the results show: higher education, higher cultural resource both are beneficial to applicants for public kindergarten’s teacher, and graduates from public school and early child education/childcare department are more beneficial to be employed. Mentioning about getting higher salary, this three qualifications, higher education, more teaching experience, more certificates, are more beneficial. It means human capital is important to get the job of public kindergarten’s teacher and higher salary but cultural capital isn’t. For social capital, in this study we find introducer’s help can’t get better job, and usually are private kindergarten’s teacher and get less salary. It means if someone wants to get a better job of kindergarten’s teacher in Taiwan, the best way is to invest human capital and not to ask for introducer’s help.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2010-08-17
D.17 預定釋出日期:2015-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2015-08-03
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2015-08-03
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E95042-1
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