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密度、土地混合使用、可及性與交通行為─由國際角度看高度土地混合使用的台北市經驗
Rethinking Land Use Density, Diversity, Accessibility and Travel Behavior A Study of a Highly Mixed-Use City - Taipei, Taiwan
1.蔡育新
1.Yu-hsin Tsai
1.逢甲大學都市計畫學系
1.Department of Urban Planning, Feng Chia University
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1.逢甲大學都市計畫學系
1.Department of Urban Planning, Feng Chia University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2005-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2006-07-31
2006-02-102006-02-13
A.16 收到日期:2007-06-29
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居住於台北市之家戶,以戶作為分析單位。

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C.2 聯絡日期:2007-07-04
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1.逢甲大學都市計畫學系
1.Department of Urban Planning, Feng Chia University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2009-08-01
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1.土地混合使用
2.可及性
3.交通行為
4.多元羅吉特
5.住商混合
6.居住偏好
7.居住偏好與現況之差異
8.迎毘
9.混合空間尺度
10.現況差異
11.都市空間型態
12.鄰避性
1.Mismatch
2.Mixed Land Use
3.Multinomial Logit Modeling(MNL)
4.NIMBY(Not in My Back Yard)
5.Spatial Scale
6.YIMBY(Yes in My Back Yard)
 本研究主要目的為探討台北市民對於不同空間尺度的住商混合(亦即同棟建物混合、同一街廓混合、對面街廓混合、及純住宅社區)的住家社區,其偏好與實際選 擇間之差異、以及偏好影響實際選擇之程度。並同時著重考量混合使用的鄰避性與迎毗性影響。研究主要資料來源為本研究於2006年二月執行的台北市家戶住家 環境品質問卷調查。

研究結果發現台北市住家社區住商混合之總體供需情況分配不均:純住家社區、同一街廓混合為供過於求;而住家對街混合、住家同棟混合則為供不應求。而台北市 整體的住家社區住商混合程度居住現況與偏好有半數以上的家戶有差異存在,差異情況為:居民希望居住社區能更加混合的比例,較希望能更純住宅的比例為高。

而由住戶對居住社區住商混合的感受分析,比較各種住商混合的尺度的迎毗性與鄰避性則發現:同棟建物混合所帶來的便利性有限,但產生的負面影響卻大於其他混 合尺度之社區。而這些現況居住於同棟建物混合的受訪者,雖有半數之受訪者不希望與住家於同棟建築混合,卻希望商業位於鄰近地區(not in my building, but in the neighborhood)。

由此得知,台灣極端住商混合使用的環境中,仍有更混合的市場需求存在,然其混合之空間尺度又以對面街廓混合為佳;另對於住商混合之社區,則必須提高其整體之居住環境條件及品質(包括公共設施等外在條件),才得以有效搓和居民之偏好與實際選擇。

 In the wave of promoting sustainable development, compact city, smart growth, and neo-traditional neighborhoods, mixed land use has regained wide popularity among academics and planners to reduce auto-dependency, among other goals. Some research examined dissonance between actual and preferred neighborhood types in terms of automobile- versus transit-orientation, determinants of dissonance, and impacts of neighborhood preferences on choice. However, limited research has explicitly examined factors affecting choices and/or preferences for types of mixed-use neighborhood, extent and determinants of dissonance between preferred type of mixed-use neighborhood and their choice, and how this neighborhood preference affects residential choice.

The purposes of this paper are threefold. First, it will investigate factors that affect choices

references for different sizes of grain of diverse land uses, e.g., within-building, within-block, and between-block mixes. The factors include personal and household socio-economic characteristics, types of residence where they reside, and personal transportation modes. The second goal is to examine the extent and socioeconomic determinants of mismatch between neighborhood preferences and choices in terms of mixed-use types. The final purpose is to gauge the extent to which people can act upon their mixed-use preferences when choosing a residential neighborhood.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2008-04-30
D.17 預定釋出日期:2009-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2009-08-03
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2009-08-03
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E94037-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E94037
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