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E94023
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學前教師的異動傾向:社會交換理論與個人-組織適配理論之驗證
Turnover Intention to Early Childhood Teachers: to Explore Theory of Social Exchange and Person-Organization Fit
1.陳怡靖
1.Yi-gean Chen
1.中華醫事學院幼兒保育系
1.Department of Early Childhood Caring and Education,Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology
001,002,003,004
1.中華醫事學院幼兒保育系
1.Department of Early Childhood Caring and Education,Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2005-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2006-07-31
2006-04-012006-06-25
A.16 收到日期:2006-11-06
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台灣地區(不含金門縣與連江縣)的幼稚園和托兒所教師

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1420
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C.2 聯絡日期:2006-11-07
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1.中華醫事學院幼兒保育系
1.Department of Early Childhood Caring and Education,Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology
1
十年後釋出

C.7 資料公開日期:2016-08-01
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001
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1.社會交換
2.異動傾向
3.價值適配
4.學前教師
1.Early Childhood Teachers
2.Ethical Fit
3.Social Exchange
4.Turnover Intention
由 於社會變遷,雙薪家庭與雙生涯家庭逐漸成為現代家庭的主要型態,許多幼兒很早就被送到學校—上幼稚園或是托兒所,學前教師成為負責照顧幼兒、教育幼兒的重 要角色。但根據過去研究顯示幼教老師高流失率與高異動率的現象一直是台灣學前教育的困擾問題,由於教師異動對於幼兒發展與生活適應,以及園所的整體發展都 有不利的影響;因此,研究學前教師異動的影響因素,設法減低教師的異動實為幼教研究領域的重要課題。過去有關職業異動的研究為數不少,但教師異動的研究卻 不多,以學前教師為研究對象的更是少數,因此有關教師異動這個主題,幼教領域有必要累積更多的研究結果以建立本土的、專門領域的理論解釋。本研究基於這個 觀點,先以實際訪談的結果來分析可能影響學前教師異動的因素,訪談結果發現社會交換與個人-組織適配理論可能能夠解釋教師異動的心態與異動傾向,因此研究 者希望能以全國性大樣本的調查來檢證這兩個理論對於台灣地區學前教師的異動傾向是否具有解釋性。 研究結果發現,超過50%的學前教師都表示曾經想異動,而且已經著手進行異動計畫、或是打算一年內就異動的大約佔20%,顯示學前教師對於這份工作的穩定 性普遍不足,教師異動心態確實值得關注。而影響教師異動傾向的關鍵性因素是月薪低、工作負荷量大、通勤時間、工作滿意度低,這些是預測教師異動傾向的重要 因素,此一結果符應了「錢少、事多、離家遠」的工作心態。此外本研究也發現物質交換、分配公平是許多背景變項(例如教師的年資、教育程度、婚姻狀況、任教 班別、學校班級數)對於異動傾向的中介影響因素。顯示公平理論以及社會交換理論對於學前教師的異動傾向具有解釋效果,而適配理論則否;因此本研究初步確立 公平理論、交換理論係透過工作滿意度的中介而影響異動傾向的關係模式。

Affected by social change, dual income family and dual career family have gradually become the main type of modern family. Many children have been sent to kindergarten or nursery. Therefore, teachers for such children play an important role to take care of and educate them. But according to the past studies, it is indicated the higher rate of teachers’ turnover is a problem to early childhood education in Taiwan because it will cause negative effect to the development and life adaptation of children and the entire development of schools so finding the influential factors of teachers’ turnover and trying to reduce the rate is an important issue about studying early childhood education. Accordingly, the researcher uses the method of interview to understand what factors cause the early childhood teachers’ turnover and find the results that can explain the three theories, social exchange theory , Person-Organization Fit theory and equity theory. Therefore, the researcher hopes to use the national investigative data to explore whether the three theories can explain the turnover intention of early childhood teachers in Taiwan. The result shows over 50% of early childhood teachers express they used to want to quit this job and about 20% express they are proceeding the turnover plan now or will accomplish it in one year. It tells us the work stability of early childhood teachers is not enough and it is really worth caring about the turnover intention of teachers. The key factors which affect the turnover intention of teachers are lower salary, more job loading, longer commuting time and lower job satisfaction. The result just conforms to the job attitude “less money, more job, further away from home”. Besides, this study also finds the medium factors of many background variables (such as education, marriage, experience of teaching, type of class, the number of school classes) affect turnover intention are the material change and the distribution equity. It shows that social exchange theory and equity theory can explain turnover intention of early childhood teachers but the ersonorganization fit theory can not. Thus this study originally makes sure of a relational model which the job satisfaction is a medium factor about social exchange theory and equity theory affect turnover intention .

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2008-09-16
D.17 預定釋出日期:2016-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2016-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2016-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E94023-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E94024
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