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修復式正義(司法)實踐途徑之研究:提昇緩起訴與(鄉鎮市)刑案調解機能之實證研究(II)
An Empirical Study on The Implementation of the Restorative Justice: enhancing the Efficiency of the Suspending Indictment and the Taiwan\'s District Governmental Crime Mediating Mechanism(II)
1.許春金
1.Chuen-jim Sheu
1.國立台北大學犯罪學研究所
1.Graduate Institute Of Criminology , National Taipei University
001,002,003,004
1.國立台北大學犯罪學研究所
1.Graduate Institute Of Criminology , National Taipei University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2005-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2006-07-31
2006-03-012006-05-31
A.16 收到日期:2006-11-01
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95年度起,三月一日至五月三十一日止,刑事案件之受調解人

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498


498
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C.2 聯絡日期:2006-11-02
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1.國立台北大學犯罪學研究所
1.Graduate Institute Of Criminology ,National Taipei University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2011-08-01
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008
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001
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1.修復式正義
2.調解
3.調解委員會
1.Mediation
2.Mediation Committee
3.Restorative Justice
 本研究從修復式正義的觀點,針對調解的案件,探討我國實施已久之調解制度是否具有修復式正義精神之實踐效益,並試圖找出促使調解制度達到最大實踐效益之 模型。研究方法一方面運用深入訪談法,透過三位調解委員會主席及三位秘書的訪談取得調解工作執行者適用調解制度的態度以及理念。另一方面運用問卷訪談法對 於受調解人進行施測,研究樣本來自於十二個鄉鎮市調解委員會,有效問卷共計498份,全部料收集自2005年12月自2006年5月結案。經訪談分析、獨 立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關、與逐步迴歸分析等統計方法進行分析。研究中可以發現調解制度帶來的修復式正義實踐效益多繫於程序要件 上,亦即調解委員在整體調解制度中所表現的態度以及個人理念的顯現,以及加害人與被害人之間的互動。因此,創造一個具有良好情緒的司法環境,擺脫以往傳統 司法人員給人威嚴的印象,以更關懷、關心的態度對待加害人和被害人,可以增加加害人改過自新的力量與意願。同時給予加害者與被害人間充分的對話與協商,促 使加害者與被害人間關係的修復。再則,加害者與被害人間的充分對話與協商亦能提昇受調解人自身對於調解的程序以及結果的滿意度,因此受調解人之間的互動不 容忽視。如此具修復式正義精神之調解制度將更能為社會創建更多更好的「和平及福祉」。

This research aims to apply the concept of restorative justice to discuss and examine whether in the past mediation for those who participate under influence claim any practical benefit of restorative justice spirit in Taiwan. It also attempts to develop a model useful for enhancing the operation of mediation system. In this study, I performed in-depth interview in order to gather information on the attitude and concept of front line mediation committee leaders and secretaries. Besides, I uses the in-depth interview for party who participate in criminal case mediation in order to find out their opinion and attitude. In addition, a survey was conducted to parties who participate in criminal case mediation with a self-developed questionnaire. Questionnaires were distributed to twelve district mediation committees . In the end, 498 valid and effective questionnaires in total were collected and analyzed. The data is then analyzed through operating independent-samples t test, One-way ANOVA, Pearson’s product-moment correlation, and the analysis of stepwise linear regression. The result comes out as follows:

1.The restorative effects of criminal case mediation system are: positive responses in the degrees of satisfaction on the mediation and on result, the degree of restoration, and identification with mediation system.

2.There are highly-revealing correlations between the degree of satisfaction on mediation and one demographic variable , gender. However, there is no significant correlation found between other demographic variables and the degree of satisfaction. Above all, all types of practice benefits turn out to be positive among different personal characteristics.

3.Significant correlations are only found between the variable of whether parties meet each other before mediation service or not in characteristics of mediation events and the degree of satisfaction on mediation. Moreover, there is no significant difference between the characteristics of mediation events and the restorative effect of mediation.

4.Whatever subjective procedural variations, the parties have high restorative effect of mediation.

5. Whatever objective procedural variations, the parties have high restorative effect of mediation.

6.The restorative effect becomes more obvious in conditions when the offenders and victims were provided with the opportunities for sufficient dialogue and negotiation. Under this circumstance, the offenders hold relatively positive feelings toward the victims.

7.Significant correlations are only found between the variable of whether parties shake hands or not and practice effect of mediation. Moreover, there are high significant correlations between whether compensate or accept for the other party or not and degrees of satisfaction on the mediation and on result, but there are no significant correlations between whether compensate or accept for the other party or not and the degree of restoration, and identification with mediation system.

8.Correlation analysis and stepwise linear regression show that most of the restorative effect for those who participate in mediation under influence revolves around subjective, objective procedural and interaction between offenders and victims conditions.

This analysis of survey questionnaires conclude that the restorative effect of mediation is highly related to operational procedure. The attitudes and concept of the mediator shown during the mediation play a important role during the process, and interaction between offenders and victims .Consequently, it is suggested that there is a need to adjust the traditional impressions of judicial personnel as dignified and create a warmer and consideration judicial environment for mediation. In addition, the offenders and victims were provided with the opportunities for sufficient dialogue and negotiation would accelerate restoration. Mediation operated with the spirit of restorative justice is believed to be beneficial in creating a more peaceful and included society.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2008-10-14
D.17 預定釋出日期:2011-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2011-10-26
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2011-10-26
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E94018-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E94018
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