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E94017
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012
登山健行者遊憩衝突與因應行為之研究
The Study of the Recreation Conflicts and Coping Behaviors on Mountain Hikers
1.趙芝良
1.Chih-liang Chao
1.靜宜大學觀光事業學系
1.Department of Tourism, Providence University
001,002,003,004
1.靜宜大學觀光事業學系
1.Department of Tourism, Providence University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2005-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2006-07-31
2006-03-302006-07-30
A.16 收到日期:2006-11-01
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前往彰化縣花壇鄉虎山岩地區從事登山健行活動之參與者

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150


150
003,004
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C.2 聯絡日期:2006-11-30
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1.靜宜大學觀光事業學系
1.Department of Tourism, Providence University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2007-08-01
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008
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1.人際間衝突
2.因應行為
3.社會價值觀衝突
4.遊憩衝突
1.Coping Behavior
2.Interpersonal Conflict
3.Recreation Conflict
4.Social Values Conflict
 為了達到資源利用的最大化,在一地點同時存在多種遊憩活動時,活動參與者對於環境、人際間與社會價值觀所產生的心理衝突,勢必會降低遊憩品質或滿意度。 近年來登山自行車廣為推展,且其資源圈劃地多與登山健行活動者重疊,因此本研究選定登山健行活動與登山自行車活動皆相當活絡的新興路線—彰化縣花壇鄉的 「虎山岩地區」,探討登山健行者與登山自行車活動者之間的遊憩衝突類型,以及遭遇之衝突所採用之因應行為取向。依據2006年三月至七月獲取150位受訪 者問卷結果顯示:

1.在假設一與假設二中,衝突對象與遊憩衝突類型部份顯著相關,且以人際間衝突為主要衝突發生情況,符合Vaske等人與Carothers等人在 1995與2001年的論點;登山健行者之遊憩衝突程度會因為衝突對象不同而有部份顯著差異,在「經過時過於靠近」、「接近時沒有給予警示」這兩項中對外 部團體均有較高之遊憩衝突程度。

2.在假設三與假設四中,在遭遇外部團體時因應行為的採用程度因衝突對象不同而有顯著差異,遭遇內部團體時則無顯著差異;衝突類型則與因應行為類型無顯著相關,但是無論是衝突對象或衝突類型均顯示較高的情感取向因應。

This research capitalized on the assertion that recreation conflict is an evaluative process of perceived conditions founded on personal values. A theoretical model was adapted to understand both the recreationists’ appraisal of conflict situations and the recreationists’ response to these situations. To approach this understanding, recreation conflicts were defined as stress-producing hassles encountered during the outdoor recreation experience. A psychosocial stress/coping model was adapted for the recreation context. The population of this study was hikers to the Tiger Mountain Rock Area in Chang-hua County on the period through March to July, 2006. Total 150 subjects were collected from on-site and mailing questionnaire surveys. The study results are shown as follows:

1. On the basis of Hypothesis 1 and 2, the types of participant’s conflict were partially related to activist types. Moreover, the ratio of interpersonal conflict was higher than the ratio of social values conflict. It was similar with the argument from Vaske et al. (1995) and Carothers et al. (2001). The degree of participants’ conflicts was partially related to activist types.

2. On the basis of Hypothesis 3and 4, the activist types were positively related to the coping behaviors, and the ratio of emotion-focused coping was higher than the ratio of problem-focused coping. The types of recreation conflict were not related to coping behaviors, but the ratio of emotion-focused coping was higher than the ratio of problem-focused coping.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2007-03-30
D.17 預定釋出日期:2007-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2007-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2007-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E94017-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E94017
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