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E93046
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接駁運輸對國內航空與高鐵運量影響之研究
A Study of the Egress Modes Affects to the Domestic Air and High Speed Rail Passengers
1.周宏彥
1.Hung-yen Chou
1.長榮大學管理學院航運管理系
1.Department of Aviation and Maritime Management, Chang Jung Christian University
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1.長榮大學管理學院航運管理系
1.Department of Aviation and Maritime Management, Chang Jung Christian University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2004-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2005-10-31
2005-03-012005-04-30
A.16 收到日期:2006-01-25
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台南~台北之城際與接駁運輸之旅客,其中城際運輸為國內航空、台灣鐵路、國道客運、私人運具,接駁運輸為公車、計程車、私人運具。

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C.2 聯絡日期:2006-01-27
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1.長榮大學管理學院航運管理系
1.Department of Aviation and Maritime Management, Chang Jung Christian University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2005-11-01
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1.城際運輸
2.巢式羅機模式
3.接駁運輸
4.敘述性偏好
5.顯示性偏好
1.Egress Mode Service
2.Intercity Transportation
3.Nested Logit Model
4.Revealed Preference
5.Stated Preference
 國內航空站與高速鐵路場站大多遠離於市中心,若沒有便利之接駁運輸服務,將影響旅客搭乘之意願。本研究構建一城際與接駁聯合運具選擇模式,用以描述高鐵 加入市場後的城際運輸之旅運行為,探討接駁運輸影響各城際運具選擇的相關因素,以提供相關單位決策之參考。本研究以台南—台北城際運輸為實證研究對象,在 台南地區各主要城際運具場站從事偏好問卷調查,蒐集旅客對新運具(高鐵)的敘述性偏好資料,並整合現搭運具的顯示性偏好資料,以建立城際運輸與接駁運輸之 聯合模式。研究中以二次式校估法將下巢層的接駁運輸模式以計算包容值方式作為接駁服務屬性值,再代回上巢層的城際運具模式一併校估參數。傳統運輸服務屬性 之計算方式係以包容值方式處理,文中檢討了接駁服務效用之處理方式,並提出幾種不同概念之計算方式與參數值意義。研究結果顯示:旅行時間、旅行成本、等候 時間、接駁服務、所得、職業別為影響城際運具選擇的重要屬性,也就是接駁運輸服務之便利性確實對城際運具選擇有顯著影響,未來航空站與高鐵應特別重視接駁 服務之問題。

The Domestic airports and the High Speed Rail (HSR) stations are almost far from the city center, so they have the problems of the location and need to the egress modes to carry the passengers to the destination. The study constructs the intercity mode choice models and the egress mode models to discuss the variables and explain the passenger behavior from origin to destination. The empirical study is the Taipei-Tainan intercity trip. We survey the respondents from several intercity mode stations in Tainan. The research method is the Nested Multinomial Logit Model (NMNL) with revealed preference data (RP) and stated preference data (SP). We use two stage choice nest concept, the lower nest is the egress mode choice and the upper one is the intercity mode choice. The NMNL model traditionally calculates the inclusive value in the lower nest as an explanatory variable to enter the upper one. In this paper, we also discuss several concepts to calculate different values as the egress service explanatory variable. The empirical result shows the main variables like as the travel time, travel cost, waiting time, income, occupation, assess service attributes. That means the advantage egress mode service can significantly affect the passengers preference for the intercity mode choice. Evaluating the Air or HSR egress service strategies, we can suggest some opinions to domestic air and HSP company to consider the important of the egress mode service.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2006-04-18
D.17 預定釋出日期:2005-11-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2006-06-23
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2006-06-23
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E93046-1
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