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E93030
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我國「管制影響評估」架構與評估標準建構之經驗研究
Regulatory Impact Analysis in Taiwan: an Empirical Study of Framework and Criteria Structuring
1.張其祿
1.Chyi-lu Jang
1.國立中山大學政治經濟學系
1.Department of Political Economy, National Sun Yat-Sen University
001,002,003,004
1.國立中山大學政治經濟學系
1.Department of Political Economy, National Sun Yat-Sen University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2004-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2005-07-31
2005-01-012005-07-31
A.16 收到日期:2005-11-01
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與醫療及環境管制有關之主管機關主管,及曾從事管制行政相關研究之學者

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C.2 聯絡日期:2005-11-02
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1.國立中山大學政治經濟學系
1.Department of Political Economy, National Sun Yat-Sen University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2006-08-01
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1.行政革新
2.管制行政
3.管制政策
4.管制革新
5.管制影響評估
1.Administrative Reform
2.Regulatory Administration
3.Regulatory Impact Analysis
4.Regulatory Policy
5.Regulatory Reform
政 府管制政策的改善絕非一蹴可幾,系統化與科學化的政策評估顯然是提升政府管制措施效能的重要關鍵及前題,而此種概念與實務即是所謂的「管制影響評估」 (Regulatory Impact Assessment, RIA)。「管制影響評估」業已在主要的先進國家獲得採行,目前已有一半以上的OECD國家具有各種不同性質的管制影響評估方案及 立法,但我國卻始終沒有一完整的「管制影響評估」架構可茲依循,本計畫之主要研究目的因此正在於為我國發展及建構一套一般性的「管制影響評估」架構,以做 為決策者在制定與執行管制政策時的評估依據。本研究將區分為以下四個研究階段: 1.由OECD先進國家經驗,整理歸納出「管制影響評估」的基本概念與實施準則,以做為我國制度設計之依據 2.透過內容分析法,檢討與分析我國目前相關管制措施在影響評估方面的限制與不足,以了解我國與先進國家之間的差距 3.透過政策德菲法,建構具體的管制影響評估面向(dimension)與標準(criteria), 4.利用分析層級法(AHP),釐清不同管制影響評估面向與標準在不同管制政策上的相對重要性,並藉此來建構一個綜括性(generic)的「管制影響評 估」架構。

Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) is being increasingly used as a tool for appraising the costs and benefits of new regulation proposals and evaluating the performance of existing regulations. RIA is also a process that contributes to better governance, by improving transparency and accountability of public decision making. By now, more than half of OECD countries had adopted RIA programs, up from one or two in 1980s, and an increasing proportion of laws and other regulations affecting citizens are being shaped in part by various forms of RIA. However, a sound framework and principles for RIA is still lacking in Taiwan. The purpose of this plan is therefore to propose a generic RIA framework for Taiwan. This study is divided into four parts. 1.an overview of RIA in OECD countries is conducted to serve as benchmark. 2.the regulatory practice of Taiwan is examined in terms of the shortage of RIA framework. 3.the major dimension and criteria of RIA are identified by Policy Delphi. 4.a generic RIA framework is proposed by Analytic Hierarchy Process. This study will contribute largely to regulatory reform both in theory and practice.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2006-06-16
D.17 預定釋出日期:2006-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2006-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2006-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E93030-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E93030
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