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E93004
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接受機構安置少年之現況分析︰檢視少年所面臨之問題與機構工作人員之服務內容及限制
Youth in Residential Group Care: Examining Their Mental Health Problem, Services Provided and Limitations of Services
1.陳毓文
1.Yu-wen Chen
1.國立臺灣大學社會工作系
1.Department of Socialwork , National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學社會工作系
1.Department of Socialwork , National Taiwan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2004-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2005-07-31
2005-01-262005-04-17
A.16 收到日期:2005-08-23
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國內所有安置少年的福利機構、育幼機構共76家

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安置少年問卷:548 工作人員問卷:138


548
004
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C.2 聯絡日期:2005-08-25
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1.國立臺灣大學社會工作系
1.Department of Socialwork ,National Taiwan University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2007-08-01
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1.安置少年
2.自殺
3.自殘
4.憂鬱情緒
5.機構工作人員
1.Adolescents
2.Depressive Mood
3.Residential Care
4.Residential Care Staff
5.Self-mutilation
6.Suicide
 本研究的主要目的有三:一) 檢視國內機構安置少年的心理困擾與行為問題狀況;二) 探究解釋這些問題之相關因素;以及三) 瞭解國內少年安置機構工作人員的主要工作內容與服務現況。本研究之研究母體為國內接受機構安置之12至18歲的少年及機構內的工作人員,並以立意取樣的方 式進行抽樣工作,結果共有21家機構同意本研究前往進行調查工作。在少年方面,本研究採集體填寫匿名問卷的方式,於民國九十四年二月至五月間進行資料蒐集 工作;在工作人員方面,則於前往少年問卷施測時將所需問卷份數攜帶至該機構,交由協助聯繫的工作人員發放給有意願參與者,由其自行填寫後統一以所附的回郵 信封寄回給研究主持人。本研究共回收少年問卷548份,工作人員138份。本研究結果發現:安置少年所面臨的問題乃多元又複雜,其中憂鬱與自殘問題較為嚴 重,而偏差行為發生的頻率在進入機構都大幅降低。若從多元分析中可以發現,本研究所假設的各項與機構因素有關的自變項中,最能解釋的少年問題乃是憂鬱情 緒,舉凡與工作人員的關係、機構同儕關係、與家人互動的程度與看法,以及安置穩定度等都與少年憂鬱情緒有關,但這些因素卻都與其偏差行為、自殺與自殘經驗 無關。由此可見,這些進入安置機構後的情境因素對於外在偏差行為與自殺自殘行為其實影響不大,影響較大的在於其心理層面。在機構工作人員方面,工作人員整 體的工作量確實不小,但多數受訪者仍覺得自己能夠勝任這份工作,也沒有因為這樣的工作條件而影響與少年互動的品質,多數工作人員仍在乎少年,也還能關心少 年。本研究最後依據重要研究發現進行討論與相關實務建議。

This research has three major purposes: 1) to assess mental health problems and needs of adolescents in residential care; 2) to examine factors associated with these problems; and 3) to investigate the working condition of residential staff. Respondents of this study were adolescents, aged 12 to 18, and staff worked at the residential care institution. Information of adolescents was collected in the group setting, while information of staff was collected by self-administered questionnaires. A total of 21 residential settings agreed to participate in this study. Among them, 548 adolescents and 138 staff filled out the questionnaire. The findings indicated that adolescents in residential care have suffered from multiple problems. Depressive mood and self-mutilating behaviors were quite common. However, most of their delinquent behaviors were reduced after they were placed. Multivariate analyses indicated that the relationship with staff, with other youths, and with family member as well as placement stability could explain their depressive mood, but could not explain suicidal, self-mutilating, and other delinquent behaviors. In terms of the working condition of these staff, most had heavy workload, but they still cared about these youth. This study concluded with some and discussions and suggestions.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2006-06-30
D.17 預定釋出日期:2007-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2007-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2007-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E93004-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E93004
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