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E92051
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都市再發展政策中主要參與者的差別目標與專業觀點之探討
Differential Involvements and Professional Habtius in the Formation of Urban Regeneration Policy: on the Perspedtives of the Key Urban Development Actors
1.謝宏昌
1.Horng-chang Hsieh
1.國立成功大學都市計畫研究所
1.Graduate School of Urban Planning, National Cheng-kung University
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1.國立成功大學都市計畫研究所
1.Graduate School of Urban Planning, National Cheng-kung University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2003-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2004-07-31
2003-08-302004-04-30
A.16 收到日期:2005-02-14
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高雄市九職等以上官員;高雄市建築投資公會成員;顧問公司專業人員,學者專家及都市更新審議委員。

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學者專家問卷:23 政府官員問卷:30 建築開發商問卷:62


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C.2 聯絡日期:2005-02-15
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1.國立成功大學都市計畫研究所
1.Graduate School of Urban Planning, National Cheng-kung University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2004-08-01
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1.土地開發
2.空間專業
3.都市再發展
4.都市更新
1.City Renewal
2.Land Development
3.Spatial Professionalism
4.Urban Regeneration
 本研究以問卷調查和深度訪談方式,針對高雄市都市更新業務單位九職等以上官員、建築投資公會資深成員、都市更新計畫審議委員、和參與過高雄市都市計畫的 大型工程顧問公司等都市計畫專業主要人員進行研究。研究內容包括:對於都市再發展願景的態度、公部門土地和財務涉入規模、私部門土地和財務涉入規模、開發 土地面積的大小、開發空間的量體大小、預期收支平衡的最短年限、 可以獲致的公共利益規模、以及開發的經濟規模等。結果發現,產官學對於都市再發展的目標態度其實頗趨一致,惟建商有略朝經濟目標考量。在對於都市更新目標 方面,產官學都傾向認定是官方職責,特別是在調整土地使用機能方面;而公部門的作為與公權力施使特別被強調。

經由對於高雄市建商的開發習性作一側寫觀察,我們發現它習慣以小成本、短期獲利、小規模(100戶以下,2500平方米以內面積)的住宅開發案為主;與其它同業或政府合作開發的經驗不多。至於投資回收期程,多數建商多以三年內為限,似與都市更新的開發實務經驗不符。

這些發現顯示,目前在都市更新條例所列舉之獎勵措施與開發機制之設立規定其實與現實開發商專業觀點和開發習性有相當大差距。

We posit that urban renewal policies in Taiwan has long been influenced by the habitus of the key decision-makers in the name of planning professionalism, therefore, the contents and the development programs. were dictated. From this vantage point, we assume that a project site is a contested place that invites different discourses of how it should be developed, which usually get the public officials, developers, financiers, property owners, rentiers, residents, and the general public in debates.

In order to decipher the different visions of a good urban regeneration policy imagined by the public and private developers, we used questionnaire and in-depth interviews to survey the middle-ranked city official, the developers, and the planners in Kaohsiung. Using variables such as attitudinal scale of pro-growth development, critical masses of public assets, financial subsidies, provisions of public goods, and the expected time of revenue, rates of internal return, and the willingness to invest reported by both the public and the private, we get three sets of profiles in terms of professional practices by the public, the private, and the academic planners.

In sum, we find that the developmental attitudes among public officials, scholars, and developers are almost the same, with the developers having some inclination toward private gains. We also find that developers in Kaohsiung tend to develop mainly small-scale (less than 100 units) residential projects with medium capital investment (less than 30 million NT dollars) and short-termed return (shorter than two years) in plan. Furthermore, they tend to rely on the local state to provide infrastructure and to renew the deteriorated areas. The private sector do not have the experiences of cooperation with the public, and they do not intend to do so in the near future. These findings contradict the goals and objectives set in the Urban Renewal Act.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2005-09-28
D.17 預定釋出日期:2004-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2005-10-24
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2005-10-24
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E92051-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E92051
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