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E92027
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010
親子在教養上的認知差異:影響子方教養知覺的因素探討
Discrepancy of Perceptions on Parenting Practices between Parents and Children: Factors Related to Perceptions on Children\'s Sides
1.陳富美
1.Fu-mei Chen
1.輔仁大學兒童與家庭學系
1.Department of Child and Family Studies, Fu Jen Catholic University
001,002,003,004
1.輔仁大學兒童與家庭學系
1.Department of Child and Family Studies, Fu Jen Catholic University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2003-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2004-07-31
2003-12-202004-06-15
A.16 收到日期:2004-11-04
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高年級國小學童及其父母

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470


470
001,004
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2004-11-05
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1.輔仁大學兒童與家庭學系
1.Department of Child and Family Studies, Fu Jen Catholic University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2006-08-01
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008
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1.父母教養
2.兒童
3.知覺差異
4.親職教育
1.Child
2.Parenting
3.Parenting Education
4.Perceptual Differences
 父母教養對於孩子的影響,在研究上已獲得一致的肯定。不過,教養行為的測量,是由父母自陳或孩子報告,並不能被視為對等。研究發現,親子雙方的知覺常呈 現顯著的差異。且若以對孩子的影響而言,會影響子女的,是為子方所知覺的教養,而非父母自覺、或實際的教養行為。本研究將檢視親子對於教養知覺的差異狀 況,並將焦點置於影響子方教養知覺因素的探討。由於親子間認知的歧異,常成為親職教育及兒童輔導工作的阻力,本研究亟望藉由親子知覺差異的探討,了解子女 教養知覺無法由父母教養行為解釋的部分,以對教養相關文獻,及親職教育實務有所貢獻。

本研究以470對國小六年級的學童及其家長為對象,由其分別填寫問卷。研究結果發現,親子在民主教養、寬鬆教養及忽視教養行為頻率的評估上,呈現顯著 差異,不過權威教養的評估則頗為一致。相較於父母自評,孩子覺得父母較不民主、較不寬鬆且對孩子較為忽視。迴歸分析顯示,就孩子知覺的民主教養而言,父母 自評的民主教養只能解釋其約10%的變異量,但若加入孩子知覺到父母其他形式的教養行為、及孩子對於父母教養行為的歸因傾向及親子關係,則其解釋變異量可 達60﹪以上;孩子所知覺的忽視教養亦呈類似的狀況。本研究支持不同教養行為、教養歸因及親子關係對於孩子知覺父母教養的影響。父母可能施行某種教養行 為,但孩子在教養行為施行頻率的知覺卻產生差異,而不同教養行為同時施行、孩子對於教養行為的歸因及親子關係的感受,皆會對於孩子所知覺到的教養頻率產生 擴大或縮減的影響。

The importance of parenting influences on children has long been recognized. However, parenting assessed by parents’ or children’s reports can’t be viewed as the same. Research found that there are significant differences between parents’ and children’s perceptions. Moreover, it is children’s perceptions, but not actual, or parents’ perceptions on parenting, which affect children’s development. This study will examine the perceptual differences between parents and children, and factors related to perceptions on children’s sides.

470 pairs of children (grade 6) and their parents was the sample of this study. Differences between parents and children on the perceptions of authoritative and neglect parenting practices were found. Regression analyses showed that, in predicting children’s perception of authoritative parenting, parents’ self reports could only explained approximately 10% variances. After adding children’s perceptions of other forms of parenting practices (authoritarian, permissive and neglect), as well as parenting attribution and parent-child relationship, the total explained variances reached 60%. Similar results were also found in the analyses of predicting children’s perception of neglect parenting practices.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-12-10
D.17 預定釋出日期:2006-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2006-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2006-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E92027-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E92027
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