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E92002
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覆巢之下無完卵:婚暴合併兒虐家庭之相關研究
The Co-occurrence of Marital Violence and Child Maltreatment
1.沈瓊桃
1.Chiung-tao Shen
1.國立暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系
1.Department of Social Policy and Social Work, National Chi Nan University
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1.國立暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系
1.Department of Social Policy and Social Work, National Chi Nan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2003-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2004-07-31
2003-07-012003-10-31
A.16 收到日期:2004-07-12
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以南投縣政府家暴中心所受理之家庭暴力通報事件之案主或案家

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C.2 聯絡日期:2004-07-15
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1.國立暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系
1.Department of Social Policy and Social Work, National Chi Nan University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2005-08-01
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1.兒童虐待
2.家庭暴力
3.婚姻暴力
4.婚暴合併兒虐家庭
1.Child Abuse
2.Ffamily Violence
3.Marital Violence
4.Marital Violence and Child Maltreatment
 長久以來,婚姻暴力與兒童虐待議題有如兩條平行的軌道,不論在政策面、學術界或是實務界,兩者通常是被分開檢驗與處遇的領域。然而近三十年來的國外研究 充分顯示出婚姻暴力與兒童虐待在同一家庭中合併存在的驚人事實。反觀國內,雖然實務界認為婚暴合併兒虐家庭的存在有其普遍性,但卻少有實證研究加以探討。 因此,本研究旨在檢視台灣婚暴合併兒虐家庭的發生率及其危險因子,以增進對雙重暴力家庭的了解,期能將家中所有的受害者整合於家暴服務的安全保護傘之下, 終止暴力在家庭中的擴散與代間相傳。

本研究的設計是以橫斷性的相關研究為主,運用問卷作為資料收集的測量工具,以普查的方式,針對208個家暴中心所受理之通報事件之案家進行問卷調查。 問卷分成父母版以及子女版兩種版本,分別由一位父母及其一位子女填答。問卷的主要內容是衝突策略量表婚暴版(CTS2)與衝突策略量表兒虐版 (CTSPC)。由父母所填答的CTS2與CTSPC,其總量表的alpha 分別為 .95與 .93;由子女所填答的CTS2與CTSPC,其總量表的alpha 分別是 .96與 .93,顯示量表具有高度的內部一致性信度。

研究結果顯示,婚姻暴力與兒童虐待有顯著的關係,一年內婚姻暴力與兒童虐待的合併發生率高達65.2%,另有超過1/4的家庭發生嚴重婚姻肢體暴力合 併嚴重兒童肢體虐待的情形。此外,「曾經發生過」的婚暴合併兒虐發生率更是高達84.1%;並且有將近半數的家庭曾經發生嚴重肢體暴力的婚暴合併兒虐的情 形。在預測因子的部分,研究結果發現,可以預測全部傷害形式合併家庭嚴重程度的變項包括:母親患有精神疾病、子女的學校教育程度較低、孩子對父母間衝突的 反應方式是躲在一旁、家中多由母親做決定、子女數較多、婚暴時,子女會成為父母的出氣筒。至於肢體暴力與嚴重肢體暴力合併家庭的預測因子相似,但與全部傷 害形式合併家庭之變項有所不同。研究發現,夫妻之間的精神暴力與性脅迫程度,以及親子之間的精神暴力程度是肢體暴力與嚴重肢體暴力合併家庭最顯著的預測因 子(這三個變項即可解釋約50%的變異量),其預測能力遠大於人口變項。其他可以預測雙重嚴重肢體暴力程度的因子還包括:母親喝酒、單親家庭、婚暴時子女 不會攻擊父母、通報之後家暴中心有開案、父親沒有賭博行為。文章的最後則是探討了本研究之限制、貢獻與建議。

Societal responses to marital violence and child maltreatment have developed along separate tracks for a long time. These two issues were often studied and intervened by separate researchers, policy makers, and practitioners. However, Western empirical studies over the past 30 years have provided overwhelming evidence that marital violence and child abuse occur in the same families. In contrast, there are few empirical research reports concerning the co-occurrence of marital violence and child abuse in Taiwan. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the co-occurrence rate and predictors of marital violence and child maltreatment in order to enhance professionals’ understanding and intervention strategies. In addition, it aimed to prevent and end family violence based on the consideration of enhancing all family members’ safety.

The research design of this study was cross-sectional and correlational. This study used a questionnaire to collect data from 208 families who were reported incidents of family violence to official agencies. The questionnaire had two versions, answered by one parent and one child. The CTS2 and CTSPC were the major contents of the questionnaire. The internal consistency alpha of the CTS2 and CTSPC was .95 and .93 (parent’s version); the alpha of the child’s version was .96 and .93, indicating good reliability of the scales.

Research results showed that marital violence and child maltreatment are significantly related. The co-occurrence rate had been 65.2% for the past year, and approximately 1/4 of the families had experienced severe physical violence both between spouses and between parents and children. The “ever” co-occurrence rate was 84.1%, and approximately 1/2 of the families had at some time experienced severe physical violence. The predictors of double violence families included: the mother being mentally ill, children having less education, children being too afraid to do anything when marital violence occurred, mother was the decision maker, more children, and parents would vent their anger on children when marital violence occurred. The predictors of physical and severe physical abuse co-occurrence families were similar, but different from the above predictors. Our research findings indicated that the psychological and sexual violence between spouses, and the psychological violence between parents and children were the more powerful predictors of physical violence and physically severe violence in families than what demographic predictors were. These three variables could explain 50% of the variances. Other significant demographic variables of severely violent families also included: mother’s drinking, single parent families, the official agency had open cases, and father had no gambling habits. The article ends with the discussion of the limitations and contributions of this research, and further suggestions

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-09-30
D.17 預定釋出日期:2005-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2005-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2005-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E92002-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E92002
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