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E91080
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吸毒者認知行為策略戒治成效之研究
The Effects of the Cognitive Behavioral Group Counseling on the Illicit Drug Users
1.林瑞欽
1.Reuih-chin Lin
1.國立中正大學犯罪防治學研究所
1.Department and Graduate Institute of Criminology, National Chung Cheng University
001,002,003,004
1.國立中正大學犯罪防治學研究所
1.Department and Graduate Institute of Criminology, National Chung Cheng University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2002-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2003-07-31
2002-09-012002-09-302002-10-202002-12-31
A.16 收到日期:2005-03-04
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台灣地區戒治所內受戒治人

1

1632


1632
004
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2005-03-14
2
1.國立中正大學犯罪防治學研究所
1.Department and Graduate Institute of Criminology, National Chung Cheng University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2008-08-01
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1.再吸毒意向
2.自我強度
3.自重感
4.吸毒犯
5.吸毒涉入強度
6.非理性信念
7.控制慾
8.渴求
9.認知行為團體諮商
10.藥物成癮
11.藥物濫用
1.Cognitive Behavioral Group Counseling
2.Craving
3.Desire for Control
4.Drug Abuse
5.Drug Addiction
6.Irrational Beliefs
7.Relapse
8.Self-Esteem
9.Self-strength
 本研究首在探討吸毒者之社會心理變項(吸毒涉入程度、自我強度、自重感、控制慾、非理性信念、渴求毒品)對於再吸毒意向的影響,次則探究其人口變項(如 性別、年齡、婚姻狀況、教育程度、工作狀況)與再吸食意向之間的關係,以期建構吸毒復發預測模式。本研究採用之研究樣本是取自台北、新竹、桃園女子、台 中、台中女子、雲林、嘉義、台南、高雄女子、屏東等戒治所所收容的吸毒受戒治人。取樣的方法依性別與戒治所受戒治人收容的規模進行分層隨機取樣共1950 人。共取得有效樣本1632人,並計算有效樣本回收率為84%。本研究之資料以描述統計、卡方考驗、t-test、ANOVA、積差相關、因素分析、多元 迴歸分析等統計方式處理。本研究結果顯示在人口變項方面:男性有較女性為高的自信心、情緒穩定、領導慾、自決慾、自重感,但在慎思性則以女性較高。年紀較 大者比年紀較輕者有較高的自我強度與自重感。無固定工作及未婚者在引發吸毒慾望、再吸毒可能性及再吸毒意向之表現顯著較有固定工作及巳婚者高。另外在社會 心理方面:自我強度差、自重感愈低者有更高的非理性信念、渴求毒品與再吸毒意向。高度的吸毒非理性信念將引發高度的毒品渴求。最後根據非理性信念之毒品功 效、毒品依賴、以及渴求毒品等變項將可共同預測再吸毒風險之程度,解釋力達40.6%。本研究樣本呈現多數成年戒毒者使用多種毒品,而使用過海洛因及安非 他命者均達八成以上。但主要吸食的毒品仍以海洛因為主。因此預防與矯治此類物質濫用應為拒毒、戒毒政策之重點。最後,根據本研究建構的再吸毒模式建構本土 化的認知行為矯治策略,並推行於矯治機構。

The purpose of the study was firstly to investigate the influences of social variables, i.e., the involvement of drug abuse, self-strength, self- esteem, the desire for control, irrational beliefs about drugs, drug-craving, on the intention to relapse. Secondly, it investigated the variables of demographic variables, i.e., sex, age, condition of marriage, education, occupation, relating to the intention of relapse, in order to build a model of illicit drugs relapse. The subjects of the study were sampled from the Drug abstention and treatment centers in Taipei, Hsinchu, Taoyuan(for female), Taichung(include Taichung Women Correction Center), Yunlin, Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung(for female), and Pingtung. The stratified random sampling according to sex and scale of the Drug abstention and treatment centers was used, then a sample of 1950 illicit drugs abusers were obtained. The valid sample is 1632, and the valid rate of returning is 84%. The data of the study was analyzed by descriptive statistics, Chi-square, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, factor analysis, multiple regression, etc. The main results of the study are as followings: 1.Males have higher self-confidence, emotional stability, and desire of leadership and self-decision, in contrast, females get more points on precautious thoughts. 2. The older subjects have more self-strength than the younger. 3. The subjects who are single and without fixed jobs show more likely to initiate the craving for illicit drug abuse and have more possibility and intention for drug retaking than the subjects who are married and have fixed jobs. 4. Those subjects who have low self-strength and self-esteem have more irrational beliefs about illicit drugs, higher craving for drug, and have higher intention for drug retaking. 5. The irrational beliefs about illicit drugs, drug reliance, and craving for drug, can significantly explain about 40.6% of the total variances of drugs relapse. Most of subjects in this study used a variety of drugs, and the abusers of heroin and amphetamine is up to more than 80%. But the drug they take is mainly heroin. Therefore, the critical strategy of resistance and abstention of drug abuse is to through predicting and correcting this kind of drug abuse. Finally, according to the drug-relapse model of this study, the correction strategy based on cognitive-behavioral psycho- therapy is needed, and applies to the correction institutions.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2006-06-12
D.17 預定釋出日期:2008-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2008-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2008-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E91080-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E91080
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