1
3
E91063
3
009
食品風險降低的消費效益估計
Measuring Consumer Benefits of Food Risk Reductions
1.劉錦添
1.Jin-tan Liu
1.國立臺灣大學經濟學系
1.Department of Economics, National Taiwan University
001,002,003,004
1.國立臺灣大學經濟學系
1.Department of Economics, National Taiwan University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2002-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2003-10-31
2003-04-192003-05-31
A.16 收到日期:2004-01-08
1
大台北地區婦女,40歲以上

1

470


470
001,002
01
C.2 聯絡日期:2004-01-09
2
1.國立臺灣大學經濟學系
1.Department of Economics, National Taiwan University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2006-11-01
2
008
2
1
2
1
2
3
3
002
1,2
1.食品安全
2.假設性市場評價法
3.健康風險
4.願付價值
1.Contingent Valuation Method
2.Food safety
3.Health Risk
4.Willingness to Pay
 本研究的目的是利用假設性市場評價法(Contingent Valuation Method, CVM)評估台灣民眾對兩種食品風險降低的願付價值(Willingness to Pay, WTP),這兩種食品包括豬肉與海產。假設市場評價法係利用問卷調查方式,詢問民眾對假設性商品在非市場交易之下,風險下降所願意支付的金額。願付價值係 根據消費者的理論,探討消費者心目中對健康風險與金錢之間的交換替代比率。研究中探討不同食品風險例如豬肉與海產遭受細菌感染,消費者在面臨不同風險基礎 機率、不同罹病時間、不同罹病嚴重程度,及風險降低程度的大小之下的願付價值。願付價值係採用雙界封閉式(Double Bounded Binary Choice)選擇法。願付價值之估計結果大致上符合經濟理論的預期,而由願付價值所估計的疾病價值介於1900美元至1600美元之間。本研究的結果可 作為政府制定食品安全法規進行成本效益評估的參考。

The goal of the paper is to develop a contingent valuation method (CVM) for valuing reductions in food risk associated with bacterial pathogens and pesticide residuals. Values will be elicited using willingness to pay (WTP). WTP is based on economic theory of the consumer, and measures rates of substitution between money and health risk. It will be estimated using contingent valuation method, in which respondents are presented with a hypothetical good (e.g., the opportunity to reduce the probability of suffering a specified food-borne illness) and questioned about the amount of money they would trade in exchange for the good. WTP values are obtained for various reductions in food risks with differing baseline probability, duration and severity of symptoms, and magnitude of risk reduction. Estimated value of illness per care ranges between US$1900 to US$16000. From the policy standpoint it is essential to be able to establish appropriate values for the health outcomes in order assess the policy importance and the extent of the individual loss that has occurred. Understanding the benefit value will also further enable policymakers to identify the rationality of decision making.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-09-01
D.17 預定釋出日期:2006-11-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2006-11-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2006-11-01
1
1
1
2
1,3
10.6141/TW-SRDA-E91063-1
追蹤清單
下載(0)
申請(0)
遠距(0)