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E91046
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009
「為人父母」之壓力調適:從產前到子女出生後之追蹤研究
Adjustment to Parenthood Transition: a Longitudinal Follow-up from Prenatal to Postpartum
1.陸洛
1.Luo Lu
1.輔仁大學心理學系
1.Department of Psychology, Fu Jen Catholic University
001,002,003,004
1.輔仁大學心理學系
1.Department of Psychology, Fu Jen Catholic University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2002-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2003-07-31
2002-10-012003-01-312002-12-012003-07-31
A.16 收到日期:2003-12-12
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懷孕滿34週之母親及其配偶;產後六週追蹤調查。

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產前:351 產後:138


351
001,003,004
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C.2 聯絡日期:2003-12-16
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1.輔仁大學心理學系
1.Department of Psychology, Fu Jen Catholic University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2003-08-01
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008
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001
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1.「為人父母」之壓力感受
2.內、外資源
3.心理健康
4.婚姻滿意
1.Internal / External Resources
2.Marital Satisfaction
3.Mental Health
4.Parental Stress
 本研究旨在台灣本土文化的濃重家庭氛圍下,探討「為人父母」帶給年輕夫妻的壓力感受及調適衝擊,以縱貫性資料探討夫妻在懷孕後期及孩子出生後之內在心理 健康、婚姻滿意和整體生活品質上的變化。另外,也探討個人的內、外在資源是否對「為人父母」的衝擊具有緩衝和保護的作用。最後,本研究特別關注兩性差異, 以期了解「為人父」與「為人母」的心理體驗是否有所差異,這是現有文獻中幾乎空白的領域。以結構式問卷調查了懷孕後期的351位父母(女200人,男 151人),並在孩子出生後六週追蹤一次(共138人,男女各69人)。結果顯示:(a)「為人父母」的壓力確實會衝擊個人的心理健康、生活滿意和婚姻滿 意,且其關係相當穩定;(b)夫妻系統的內(夫妻諧和)、外(社會支持)在資源會影響「為人父母」的調適,其中夫妻諧和主要影響夫妻之婚姻滿意,社會支持 則影響夫妻之生活滿意,二者均對壓力之衝擊有調節作用;(c)在孩子出生後,母親的外在資源顯著地減損;(d)女性在生產前有較多的社會支持,但心理健康 較差、婚姻滿意度較低,產後則女性的壓力較男性高;相較之下,於為人父親的角色並未對男性帶來許多衝擊。女性在生產(為人母)後,自覺壓力增加、心理健康 變差、社會支持減少、生活滿意及婚姻滿意均降低。

This project aimed to explore the adjustment process of young fathers and mothers during the parenthood transition (from 6 weeks prenatal to 6 weeks postnatal). A total of 351 parents (200 females, 151 males) completed the same structured questionnaires twice before and after the birth of their children. Results showed that (a) The stress of “being a parent” did impact on the young parents’ personal health and marital adjustment, and the relationships are robust across time and gender. (b) Both internal (conjugal congruence) and external (social support) resources of the marital system affected the adjustment of “being a parent”. Conjugal congruence mainly affected marital satisfaction while social support mainly affected life satisfaction. Both kinds of resources showed stress buffering effects in the parenthood transition. (c) After the child was born, mother’s social support significantly decreased. (d) At prenatal although mothers had more social support than fathers, they nonetheless suffered poorer mental health and lower marital satisfaction. In comparison, being a father did not entail too much stress. At postnatal, mothers perceived higher stress, reported decreased social support, more psychological symptoms, lower marital and life satisfaction.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-04-01
D.17 預定釋出日期:2004-05-04
D.18 初次釋出日期:2004-05-04
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2004-05-04
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E91046-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E91046
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