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E91034
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中等師資供需分配模式的制度分析
An Institutional Analysis of the Distributional Modes of Taiwan High-school Teachers
1.紀金山
1.Chin-shan Chi
1.靜宜大學青少年兒童福利學系
1.Department of Youth and Child Welfare, Providence University
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1.靜宜大學青少年兒童福利學系
1.Department of Youth and Child Welfare, Providence University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2002-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2003-07-31
2002-11-012003-03-31
A.16 收到日期:2003-11-04
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中等學校及86-91學年度修畢中等教育學程,進而取得中等學校教職之正式教師。

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學校:184所 教師:1772位


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C.2 聯絡日期:2003-11-06
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1.靜宜大學青少年兒童福利學系
1.Department of Youth and Child Welfare, Providence University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2005-08-01
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1.中等師資
2.制度分析
3.師資培育
4.教師人力
5.勞力市場
1.High-School Teacher
2.Institutional Analysis
3.Labor Market
4.Teacher Education
5.Teaching Force
 本研究計畫主要從各中等學校的選才歷程和新進師資求職歷程切入,探討當前中等師資供給與需求的連結情形與影響機制。主要研究結果包含目前中等師資供需模 式現況、各中等學校新進師資的來源、各師資培育組織和中等學校在目前師資供需分配模式的位置,以及各種組織制度因素對教職取得的影響效果。研究結果包含目 前師資供需分配模式的描繪,以及組織與制度機制的影響力分析。

研究結果分析發現,五年來畢業自中等教育學程的新制教師人數已佔全體教師數的25.72%,這種新制教師的採用比例,卻呈現出公立高中<公立高 職<公立國中<公立完全中學<私立高中<私立高職<私立完全中學的模式,反映出各中等學校師資需求的層級結構。

在學校選才最競爭的公立高中類別,其師資來源仍以師範大學和師範研究所為主,是整個師資供需關係中最具優勢的組織。新改制的公私完全中學類別,其師資 需求數量最多、師資來源最為多元。除了技職體系之外,目前師資供需分配模式似乎是各有各的利基,並在社會空間圖中形成多重聚落,顯示在他們的選擇和被選擇 過程下,形成多面向均衡的特質,可推論在本研究期間內師資培育數量仍屬均衡和合理的情況。

各種教職取得的影響因素的主要發現 有:1.實習學校公私屬性對各種類型公私立教職取得都有高度的影響;2.公立高中教職取得的影響因素主要是人力資本;3.公立高職教職取得的影響因素為人 力資本、以及考試優勢和專長類科區隔等制度性因素;4.私立高中教職取得的影響因素為人力資本、大學聲望優勢、以及介紹人的社會性因素;5.私立高職教職 取得的影響因素,並無顯著的人力資本、制度優勢 、社會資本等影響;6.公立國中教職取得的影響因素為師範校院學歷、大學聲望和考試表現優勢等制度性因素;7.類科區隔的效果最顯著的是職業類科,它對取 得公私立高職有利,但卻都不利於其他教職的取得。

This project considers the job-matching processes on both supply and demand sides of the labor market at high-school level to explore how high schools hiring new entrants and teacher candidates finding their jobs. This report presents several related issues includes what the current distribution mode of supply and demand on high-school teachers is, where the new entrants of different high schools come from, which positions do these supply and demand organizations stand in the teacher labor market, and what organizational and institutional mechanisms effects on the teacher labor market.

First of all, we find the ratio of the new entrants that graduated from new teacher education program versus traditional teacher education system is reach to 25.72% in five years. The hiring rates of the new entrants among different high schools formulate a particulate hierarchical pattern by school ownership and type, from low to high, public senior-high school is least, then follow by public vocation- high school, public junior-high school, public completed-high school, private senior-high school, private vocation-high school, and private completed-high school is highest.

Traditional teacher colleges and graduate institutes are still dominating on the teacher job-searching process at the most desirable category of public senior-high school, so can be seen as the advantage organizations in teacher education arena. Newly completed-high schools hire more teachers, and the resource is more diversely. Over all current distribution of high-school teachers seems equilibrium since each teacher education organization has its own niche, but except the technology education system. So we postulate the demand-supply is still reasonable in this research period.

The mechanisms effects on the teacher labor market include: 1. The public-private characteristic of the high school that candidate chose for practical training is highly affects the later job seeking. 2. Human capital is the most important factor on the category of public senior-high school. 3. Human capital, advantage of job examination and subject mastery are significant on the category of public vocation-high school. 3. Human capital, prestige advantage of university, and social capital are significant on the category of private senior-high school. 5. There is no any significant factor affects on the category of private vocation-high school. 6. Traditional teacher college, prestige advantage of university, and advantage of job examination are significant on the category of public junior-high school. 7. Vocational subject mastery is the most significant subject which getting a positive effect on the category of vocation-high school and getting a negative effect on others categories.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-07-08
D.17 預定釋出日期:2005-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2005-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2005-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E91034-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E91034
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