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E91031
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009
都市地區災害衝擊在家戶階層的社會學習與調整
Household Adjustments and Social Learning after Disaster Impacts
1.薩支平
1.Jy-pyng Sah
1.長榮大學土地管理與開發學系
1.Department of Land Management and Development, Chang Jung Christian University
001,002,003,004
1.長榮大學土地管理與開發學系
1.Department of Land Management and Development, Chang Jung Christian University
002
1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2002-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2003-07-31
2003-01-032003-01-312003-01-062003-01-17
A.16 收到日期:2003-11-03
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洪水災害問卷:台北縣汐止家戶
地震災害問卷:南投縣埔里鎮家戶

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576
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C.2 聯絡日期:2003-11-05
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1.長榮大學土地管理與開發學系
1.Department of Land Management and Development, Chang Jung Christian University
1
C.7 資料公開日期:2008-08-01
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008
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1.災害
2.災害管理
3.家戶調整
1.Emergency Management
2.Hazard
3.Household Adjustment
 人類是處於一個充滿意外災變的風險社會;越能隨環境風險來調整與變化行為與環境,越能趨避風險的威脅。在面對災害風險的威脅下,管理的各個層級,不論是 家戶單元、社區階層,或政府官僚體系,皆有能力依據災害特質,獨自發展出反應需求的彈性調整方案或機制。家戶是社會管理的最基本單位,也是災害事件衝擊的 標的;有效的家戶災害調整,是災害防救工作中的重要元素。

本研究以災害調整模型為基礎,透過問卷調查方式探討家戶在面對自然災害侵襲時,如何經由災害經驗及風險認知的轉化衍生出災害調整行為。本研究收集兩個 近年受到災害衝擊之地區;經常遭受洪水侵襲的汐止市,與九二一地震埔里鎮家戶受災資料進行探討。研究中發現家戶認為未來發生類似納莉颱風或九二一地震的災 害風險極高,並指出災害調整措施的應用可以降低未來的災害損害。此外,本研究亦藉由模型的探討,將洪水及地震災害中,家戶特性、家戶調整、災害經驗與風險 認知等概念間的關聯性及連結因素呈現,提供公部門及家戶階層防災決策之參考,裨益於營造一安全之生活環境。

The adaptation to environmental risks is subject to the social adjustments tpotential threats. These adjustments can be categorized according to social groups: households, communities, and governmental levels. Each of them can respond to disaster impacts according to its needs. The pattern of adjustments, therefore, is very flexible. Household is the fundamental component of the society, also, the target of disaster impacts. Effective household adjustments are necessary for mitigating potential disaster losses.

This study developed the Household Adjustments Model that examined related theoretical constructs. It adopted survey research to collect disaster impact information of two disaster events in Taiwan: the chronic flooding at Si-Chi, and an acute earthquake at Pu-Li. The finding of this study revealed that people respond to acute and chronic disasters differently; nevertheless, the adjustments are significantly influenced by household characteristics, disaster experiences, and risk perceptions.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-09-06
D.17 預定釋出日期:2008-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2008-08-01
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2008-08-01
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E91031-1
http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=http://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E91031
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