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E91027
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文官特質之比較與政策執行力之研究
Bureaucratic Characteristics and Implementation Capability
1.魯俊孟
1.Chun-meng Lu
1.中華大學行政管理系
1.Department of Public Administrator, Chung Hua University
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1.中華大學行政管理系
1.Department of Public Administrator, Chung Hua University
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1.行政院國家科學委員會
1.National Science Council
A.14 計畫執行期間(起):2002-08-01
A.14 計畫執行期間(訖):2003-07-31
2002-05-012002-07-30
A.16 收到日期:2003-11-03
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新竹縣市警察單位及衛生單位之基層文官

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C.2 聯絡日期:2003-11-06
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1.中華大學行政管理系
1.Department of Public Administrator, Chung Hua University
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C.7 資料公開日期:2004-08-01
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1.文官特質
2.安全帽法案
3.政策執行力
4.菸害防制法
1.Bureaucracy
2.Motorcycle Helmet Act
3.Policy Implementation
4.Smoking Hazard Prevention Act
 「徒法不足以自行」雖是一句老生常談,卻也點出研究公共政策研究的真理—任何公共政策的推動,都必須依賴官僚系統的配合與執行。但是官僚系統是一個集體 名稱,吾人不能假設一個公共政策在制定後,給官僚系統執行,一定就能夠產生預期的成效。事實上,官僚系統是由許多不同體系的文官們所組成,每種不同的文官 體系,均有不同的專業素養,負責執行不同的政策,位處於不同的政策環境,有著不同的政策社群,關心不同的議題。而且,讓個別的政策在執行時出現落差的另外 一個重要的原因,個別的文官體系,在執行不同政策時,會有不同的自我利益與團體利益的考量,導致在執行過程中,不同的政策,不同的文官體系,會產生不同的 結果與影響。

本研究藉助分析安全帽法案與菸害防治法禁菸條款的執行現況,了解基層文官的執行心態。研究結果顯現,一個良好的政策執行,必須分為政策規劃階段時的詳 細設計、以及政策執行時的切實落實。重要之因素有組織領導、政策明確程度、組織競爭力、專業執行人力資源、解決執行困難的決心、社會大眾對政策規範的接 受、單位間績效競爭與資訊交流、績效獎金與績效關聯。

The passage of a law (let it be a policy, a program, or an act) is no guarantee for its implementation. Therefore, bureaucracy plays the central role in policy implementation. However, the word “Bureaucracy” is a collective terminology. It actually encompasses branches of offices, levels of governments, and thousands of employees. Scholars who study public policies should not assume that a public policy would implement itself effectively without the collective efforts from bureaucrats at levels of governments. Policies implemented by bureaucrats will inevitably vary in terms of performance. Furthermore, different branches of bureaucrats have diversified characteristics such as expertise, interests, resources, powers, political alliance, and agendas, etc. Will these characteristics impact on the performance of implementation? How do these characteristics affect implementation outcomes? Which of them influence bureaucrats’ behavior the most and to what extend? Research has not revealed much in terms of the relationship between bureaucratic characteristics and implementation results.

By examining the implementation of the “Motorcycle Helmet Act” and the “Smoking Hazard Prevention Act”, the outcomes of the research suggest that an excellent implementation has two stages: planning and execution. Several factors are found to exerts significant impact on implementation: leadership, clarity of policy objectives and procedures, professional personnel, bureaucratic competitiveness, compliance within society, competitive environment, and performance incentives.

D.16 完成檢誤日期:2004-04-07
D.17 預定釋出日期:2004-08-01
D.18 初次釋出日期:2004-08-03
D.19_1 最新版釋出日期:2004-08-03
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10.6141/TW-SRDA-E91027-1
https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw/webview/index.jsp?object=https://efenci.srda.sinica.edu.tw:80/obj/fStudy/E91027
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